P. Sumarno AE, KTAM: 167 699,
Jl. No Sumatra. 45 Magetan, East Java 63 311
In the HPT does not have an explanation of the obligatory prayers, why pray Maghrib 3 cycles, 2 cycles Fajr, the Noon and Afternoon prayers each 4 cycles. Please explain reasons for their argument.
In the hadith narrated from Aisha stated:
فُرِضَتْ الصَّلَاةُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي الْحَضَرِ وَالسَّفَرِ فَأُقِرَّتْ صَلَاةُ السَّفَرِ وَزِيدَ فِي صَلَاةِ الْحَضَرِ[رواه مسلم]
It means: "prayer is prescribed two-two raka'at raka'at dikala not travel well and when his travel, then set (two cycles) in travel, and plus (number raka'atnya) in a state of not traveling." [Narrated by Muslim]
Convey the same Hadith is also narrated by al-Bukhari, Abu Daud.
What is meant by praying two-two raka'at raka'at in the hadith above the Isha prayer ', Dawn, Noon and Afternoon, while the number raka'at set three raka'at Maghrib prayers. This sort of thing is required before the Prophet emigrated to Medina. Then after he emigrated to Madinah, prayed two cycles, two cycles will be determined only when his traveling (for travelers). As for the prayer when his not traveling plus each (Isha ', the Noon and Afternoon) two cycles. For Fajr and Maghrib remain two cycles also remains three cycles. Mentioned in the hadith of Aisha also narrated:
فُرِضَتْ صَلاَةُ السَّفَرِ وَاْلحَضَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِاْلمَدِينَةِ زِيْدَ فِي صَلاَةِ اْلحَضَرِ رَكْعَتَانِ رَكْعَتَانِ وَتُرِكَتْ صَلاَةُ اْلفَجْرِ لِطُوْلِ اْلقِرَاءَةِ وَصَلاَةُ اْلمَغْرِبِ لِأَنَّهَا وِتْرُ النَّهَارِ [رواه ابن خزيمة وابن حبان والبيهقي]
It means: "Required when his prayers when his traveling and not traveling with two raka'at raka'at-two, then after the Messenger of Allah until (hijra) to Medina and the situation has been peaceful, plus cycles when his prayer was not traveling with a two-second rak'ah raka'at, but the left (not added at the morning prayer because raka'at long recitation (reading verses of the Koran) and also at the Maghrib prayer, because he is witirnya during the day. "[Narrated by Abu Huzaimah, Ibn Hiban and al-Baihaqy]