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Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah

gambar

Programs

The Decision of

46th Muhammadiyah Congress

on

Muhammadiyah Program 2010-2015
 

I.   Preface

II.  Policy Framework of Muhammadiyah’s Long-Term Program (Muhammadiyah Vision 2025)

III. Muhammadiyah Program 2010-2015 (Muhammadiyah Vision 2015)

IV. Program Organization and Implementation

V.  Closing

 

I. Preface

Praise be to God. Owing to His approval, bounty, guidance, and piety, Muhammadiyah as an Islamic Movement in one century span has carried out dakwah (Islamic mission) and tajdid (reform/renewal) to bring mankind to the life safety on earth and in the hereafter. Dakwah and tajdid movement done by Muhammadiyah is materialized through various endeavors that are later translated into program and activity whose main objective is reaching real Islamic society. In a wider scope, the mission of Muhammadiyah’s dakwah and tajdid is solely the realization of carrying out an Islamic message as pity for the entire world.

The real Islamic society that becomes Muhammadiyah’s objective is a noble ambition that may not be ideally achieved, but such ambition must be kept. At least it is close to the real Islamic society. Step by step, continuously, and systematically, Muslims’ life especially Muhammadiyah in one century span of its journey has tried to perform as a desired Islamic society, so Muhammadiyah members in general until certain limit is the real realization of Islamic society even though it is still far from ideal Islamic society. Muhammadiyah’s main duty is to keep trying in realizing real Islamic society in the life of Muhammadaiyah members and public in general, so in every step, better condition to reach real Islamic society can be achieved.



In achieving the real Islamic society, Muhammadiyah struggles through endeavors realized in program, charity and services, and activities.  In doing those endeavors, Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement that carries out dakwah mission and tajdid is always based on and guided to Islamic teachings that, among other, ask to do good deeds and abandon bad ones, implement God’s message, and crusade in His ways as He states in Al Quran.

       Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining Al Ma’ruf and forbidding Al-Munkar. And it is they who are the successful. (QS Ali Imran: 104)

        Those (Muslim rulers) who, if we give them power in the land, (they) enjoin iqamat-as-salat, to pay zakat and they enjoin Al-Ma’ruf and forbid Al-Munkar. And with Allah rests the end of all matters. (QS Al-Hajj: 41)


       And those who answer the Call of their Lord, and to worship none but Him alone, and perform As-Salat, and who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them.
(QS As-Syura: 38)


       As for those who strive hard in Us, We will surely guide them to Our Paths. And verily Allah is with the Muhsinun (good doers). (
QS Al-Ankabut: 69)


A. Background

Muhammadiyah was established with the objective to uphold and reverse Islam in order to realize the real Islamic society. In realizing that ideal vision and objective, Muhammadiyah does endeavors systematically. Muhammadiyah endeavors are implemented in the form of charity and services , program, and activities that include:  (1) Promoting belief, deepening and broadening understanding, increasing implementation, and spreading Islamic teachings in all aspects of life; (2) Deepening and developing the study of Islamic teachings in all aspects of life to get its purity and truth; (3) Increasing the spirit of worship, crusade, charity, gift, bequest, alms, and other good deeds; (4) Increasing dignity, prestige, and the quality of human resource in order to have high skills and noble character; (5) Advancing and renewing education and culture, developing science, technology, art, and increasing research; (6) Advancing economy and entrepreneurship toward qualified life; (7) Increasing health quality and public welfare; (8) Maintaining, developing, and empowering natural resources and environment for prosperity; (9) developing communication, friendship, and cooperation in all fields with people in and outside Indonesia; (10) Maintaining the unity of country and having an active role in national life; (11) Developing and increasing quality and quantity of members as an movement doer; (12) Developing equipment, infrastructure, and fund source to make the movement successful; (13) Trying to enforce law, justice, and truth, and increasing the defense for people; and (14) Other endeavors and efforts suitable to Muhammadiyah objective and bylaws (article 3 of bylaws).

The realization to reach Muhammadiyah objective is done through a program that is formulated in every congress, as an action plan that has to be conducted in every step. The step can be middle term (5-year period) or long term suitable to vision and mission of development determined by the organization. In doing its program, Muhammadiyah as an Islamic organization is not deprived of the condition and context of Islamic movement existence in various environments. The condition faced by Muhammadiyah influences the movement dynamics, especially in doing the program to reach its primary goal, namely creating real Islamic society.


In general, after Malang Congress over the period of 2005-2010, there has been life development that is relatively dynamic, be it in national or global life. In national life, there has been a dynamic signed by the emergence of political, economical, and social-cultural problems that need priority to be solved. In global life, over the period of 5 year, there has been dunamic international phenomenon such as ratification of ASEAN Charter by ten countries; fast movement of geo-political, geo-economical, and geo-social-cultural gravity point from North America to Asia with China as the main center. Nationally and Internationally, Muslims also face the same problems. The conditional factor and background of the formulation of Muhammadiyah program are as follows:



1.  National Life

As a matter of fact, Indonesia has a capital to be an advanced, just, prosperous, sovereign, and dignified country. This is supported by positive facts possessed by this country: first, strategic geopolitical position; second, the wealth of natural resources and the diversity of flora and fauna; third, the great amount of population; and fourth, the plurality of social and culture. However, such basic capital and big potential are not managed optimally. Even, they are often neglected, so this country has lost a lot of momentum to progress fast. This even creates a lot of complex problems.

It has to be appreciated that there are a lot of successful achievements in some fields of life such as democracy, economic recovery, and conflict resolution is some regions; however, it also has to be admitted that up to now Indonesia still faces complex national problems, among other, political, economical, and social-cultural problems that needs solution. The problems can influence the development of this country in the future. Now after reformation in 1998, Indonesia shows a dynamic between success and faced problems. Very often, the dynamic is not easily managed since there are a lot of constraints and weaknesses, including the problems of leadership and state management.

1998 reformation is a certain choice and has been an important part of Indonesian history as a way out of authoritarian New Order regime and condition in previous period. This new era is expected to be able to bring the improvement of political and economical system that is being attacked by multi-dimension crisis. With reformation, Indonesia becomes the third democratic country after the United States and India whose achievement is admitted internationally. Moreover, there has been admittance to the emergence of civil protection that was tightly curbed.

Yet, the country’s development in reformation era that has run one decade is still marked with the number of serious problems. National political development is relatively satisfying especially in the field of security stability and democracy. This is marked with increasing political participation, press freedom, law enforcement and human rights. The fact has put Indonesia as the biggest democratic country after India and the United States. Besides the achievements, there are still problems that need serious solution. Some of crucial political problems are the confusion of state and governmental system, ineffective state institution, unsupportive party system, and widely spreading political pragmatism.

Law enforcement and human rights don’t still touch basic aspects and still seem to be discriminative, showed by the number of unresolved big cases. Corruption eradication seems to be picky, showed by unresolved big corruption cases, low punishment for big corruptors, the development of law and case mafia, special treatment for corruptors in jail, and weak role of law enforcement institutions in fighting corruption. New nepotistic tendency also emerges by the involvement of family members in political arena without being based on professionalism and adequate political career that can result in political dynasty.

Democratic life has fast advancement, but there is a tendency of procedural democracy that is not balanced with substantive democracy, so the democratic quality and behavior tend to be pragmatic. This erases values, including moral values.


Democratic life indeed experiences fast advancement, but procedural democracy is not balanced with substantive democracy so that democracy quality and behavior tend to be pragmatic. This erases values, including moral values. In doing democracy, Indonesia tend to adhere to liberal democracy. In the long run, it will create problems, including a problem with moral and religion.  Pancasila seems to lose its basic orientation in framing the democracy. Moreover, liberal democracy seems to become stronger in developing regional autonomy practices and in electing regional leaders, while multi-party political system in Indonesia seems to show the confusion of state and governmental system. The behavior of political elites and parties is getting more pragmatic, and they only focus on getting power. Even, until certain limit, they justify all means.

The chaos of 2009 general election, among other, shows pragmatic political tendency, while people’s dream especially low-level people to fulfill daily needs and to get more prosperous country is still a far cry from the expectation. Governance is not managed by proper management so it does not realize justice, prosperity, and the fulfillment for people’s needs as stated in 1945 Constitution and the aspiration of independence.


In economic development, there has been a lot of advancement that has been taken by this country. Economic growth and average income per capita keep growing. Macro-economic stability is also well-maintained. The government’s attention to economic problems of people is getting more real, shown with the manifold schema of economic programs for people, especially middle to low level of people.
However, it cannot be neglected that such economic advancement reflected in macro-economic growth and indicator is actually still inadequate and bias towards existing economic facts.  Indonesian’s foundation and economic stability is still weak. This is because economic development orientation stresses more on the growing aspect and relies on foreign investment, foreign loan, and conglomeration. Such condition causes that development results are only for small part of people, creating a wide gap. The bases of national’s socio-economical life grow without strong hold. Some of basic and structural national economic problems are inconsistent economic paradigm, dualistic economic structure, not independent fiscal policy, finance and banking system that don’t support people, and liberal trading and industry policy.


Economic policy and paradigm that tend to be liberal or neoliberal make micro and middle economy not develop well and not get main priority. This country still faces ever-widening economic gap. The rich get richer, and the poor become poorer. This condition makes Indonesia more vulnerable to social unrest. Corrupt practices that are getting stronger also become a problem for economic recovery so that it increases the burden of economic problem to the poor.

In social and cultural aspect, Indonesia has reached some success. In the field of education, there has been an increase of educational budget, an increase of opportunity for studying, and an increase of Indonesian students’ achievement in regional and international level. In the field of law enforcement, there is a serious effort to eradicate corruption that brings an implication to public morality. There are laws that support human right, protect women and children, and uphold moral. In the field of religious life, there is awareness of living harmoniously in pluralism. In social relation, there is still a strong culture of working together in mutual cooperation and spirit of togetherness as shown when facing natural disasters.


However, there are still social and cultural problems that need serious solution, among others, the weakening of national unity, the disorientation of religious values, and the weakening of social cohesion, the weakening of positive mentality. In the field of education, this country is difficult to avoid educational commercialization due to government’s limitation in financing and giving proper educational services for school-aged children even though educational budget has been increased. Educational fee which is more difficult to be reached by the poor causes more widening social gap and causes new problems in social life.


Other striking problems are the weakening of national characters and the spreading of social ills in public such as violence to women and children, crime, gambling, pornography and porno-action, and other deviant behaviors that damage religious values and national moral. Weak national character is also shown in the practice of political life and the behavior of politicians as well as government’s officials who get involved in corruption, power abuse, and taking advantage of an opportunity. Political face and national life show pragmatism and opportunism, so there are unresolved problems, neglected people’s mandate, and strategic, big agendas that don’t get serious attention. The problems of character eradication and national character become a big agenda that has to be solved because they influence the country future.


Over the next period of ten to twenty years, Indonesia is projected to still have various changes full of dynamism and complex problems. Politically, Indonesia will develop to be more democratic even though it might not experience permanent political stability. Economically, Indonesia will have economic stability and will become one of “Asian Tigers”; however, it doesn’t guarantee equality and justice for people welfare. In the meantime, Indonesia will also face various social problems that are not easy to solve in the aspects of defense and security, the solution for natural destruction, and the maintenance of national dignity and prestige. Meanwhile, popular culture is spreading more widely hand in hand with fast development of electronic media. It makes Indonesian culture exist in a crossroad of global dynamism that is spreading like an octopus.

Indonesia also needs cultural strategy to face globalization and to face the dynamism of pluralistic Indonesian society that often faces many social conflicts. Besides, diverse languages, technological system, economical system, social organization, knowledge, religious, and art system tend to be strong by more effective democratic process and regional autonomy that can bring wide consequence of cultural system in Indonesian society. It will become a big challenge for Muhammadiyah that has developed into a bigger and more complex organization with its wider reach to present Islamic movement with nationalistic viewpoint and culture to give alternative answers that are enlightening, freeing, and empowering for the interest of future supremacy of this country.


In the next five years, Indonesia needs to revitalize national vision and character as a departure point to consolidate reformation. By realizing positive values produced by reformation and the awareness of difficult challenge, now the sharpening of reform vision and national development in this country is needed. Reformation needs to be designed and integrated into national development thoroughly and in a sustainable way, so reformation is in on the right way and track.


National development in all areas of life needs to be developed in meaningful sustainable development. This paradigm rests on the principle of human resource development as a development subject, the use of natural resources productively by keeping its preservation, economical and political policy that is side with the interest of people, high upholding of moral, and the maintenance of national dignity. Basically, meaningful sustainable development is an improvement effort in human life by keeping the balance between material and spiritual as well as individual and public.


In the next five years, there should be political, economical, and social-cultural revitalization as a link of revitalization of vision and national character as follows: (1) In political life, it needs the strengthening of democratic value and culture toward the stabilization state system and presidential governance, and the functional effectiveness of state institutions (executive, legislative, and judicative), party system rationalization, and the upholding of political ethic; (2) In economical life,  it needs national economy strengthening characterized by the creation of just, independent, competitive, and pro people economy to reach national prosperity; and (3) In social cultural life, it needs nationalistic strengthening, transformative pluralism, social integration, and the promotion of strong character values.



2.    Global Life

In the next few decades, human being and the reality of global life will still face the world marked by five great realities. They are (1) the hegemony of the USA; (2) the continuation of western culture domination; (3) market force and globalization; (4) the movement of industrial technology to digital technology, including digital divide/gap; and (5) the crushing of Islamic culture in the middle of the dynamism of global culture whose characteristic is post-modern. On the one hand, the globalization that becomes dominant power in the world in the 21st century opens a new world free of state partitions and old primordial things. On the other hand, it brings economical and political hegemony of developed countries that is not free from economical and political interests and brings global cultural infiltration with neo-liberal and neo-capital bases.


That global development is characterized with paradoxes. Advanced modernization and industrialization process has presented new realities. At the same time, it erodes old wisdoms that are actually needed by human being, such as pluralism and religiosity, togetherness and community, and local cultural wisdom. The globalization of information on the one hand has been able to merge geographical partitions among countries because we can know what is happening on the other part of the world in a very short time. On the other hand, cultural partitions seem to be more crystallized, shown by more conflicts based on faith differences as well as economical and political interests.


Meanwhile, bad impact of globalism or economic globalization forced from top to bottom or from center to region starts to show its new threat for public development, especially in the third world countries. At least, there are nine threats of globalization that haunt the world nowadays and in the future. First, the obfuscation of cultural and geographical/ecological boundaries makes the ability to adjust and endure decrease, especially for weak community and country. Second, world economy becomes two parts: muscle-rich countries and brain-rich countries. Third, the thinking style is influenced by information producer and its dominant disseminator, so it creates disturbance that cannot be adapted in Southern part. Fourth, at first glance, money is attracted and flows to the South, but in fact silently it flows more to the North. Meanwhile, the flow of the stuff and labor is not balanced. Fifth, the propaganda of human rights is a western version that relies on individualism. Many group rights are violated and neglected, and human rights are defeated by capital rights. Sixth, democracy is threatened by globalism. Democracy means many choices and multi options. Everyone and every country are free to choose the best for themselves, while globalism reduces varied diversity in the world. Seventh, consumption is aroused by advertisements that can be seen every time in mass media. The needs are dictated by strong economic countries suitable to their idea, and farming and food internationalization determines the winner and loser in the competition that is highly regarded more than cooperation. Eighth, food system globalization adds the gap between rich and poor countries and stimulates almost unlimited consumerism. Ninth, cultural contact happens in a big, fast, multi-dimensional, and simultaneous scale, so cultural abolishing, adaptation error, and cultural turmoil cannot be avoided. The striking influence can be seen in pop culture in music, information, talk, film, food, cloth, lifestyle, public and business administration, hobby, architecture, vacation, mental attitude, agriculture, and education. What should be on the alert for is the degradation of identity and assimilation error that can threaten the future of culture.  


The widening of global culture in the context of Islamic world also put forward various Islamic thoughts and religious views such as conservatism, fundamentalism, radicalism, and traditionalism that face the tendency of extreme liberalism and secularism. Each of them claims the truth and denies other sides. Besides being unproductive for the advancement of Islamic world, such tendency does not solve the problems of poverty, underdevelopment, and low quality of education and Muslims’ life faced by Islamic world. At the same time, a big paradox also happens in Muslims’ life. Nowadays, Muslims are labeled as terrorists and have the image of underdevelopment, while the population of Muslims and the spirit to know Islam in western countries keep increasing. The global tendency becomes a challenge for Muslims, especially Muhammadiyah, to show that Islam is rahmatan lil-alamin (pity for the entire world) and is able to solve the problems of modern society.

Recent global development shows interesting development of international world. First, ten members of ASEAN countries that have commitment to become one community in economy, security, social, and culture has signed ASEAN charter. Second, the gravity central point of geo-politic, geo-economy, and geo-social-culture moves from Europe and North America to Asia, with China as its center. Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement has to face and adjust to such global development.


 

3.  Muslims’ Life

Indonesian Muslims are the biggest in the world. In the world level, the number of Muslims tends to increase. Now there are some 1.5 billion Muslims in the world. That big number is potential to be the power in national and international life. The awareness of Muslim since awakening era in 1980s has spurred the advancement Muslim countries and Muslim community in the world, including Indonesia, so it gives a positive hope for future development. However, it should be admitted that the problems and challenges faced by Muslims are very heavy. Those problems are poverty, lack of knowledge and technology, political marginalization. In general, Muslim countries are still left behind and are still categorized as developing countries. Muslims in some countries still face problems such as human rights issues, democracy, women rights, development of contemporary thinking, and structural problems that are actual in post-modern era.

The phenomenon of increasing Muslim population and desire to know Islam in western countries is a positive indication for the development of Islamic world. Positive development of Islam in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China shows new phenomenon about the existence of Islam in every developed country by the power of adaptation, acculturation, and integration that give hope for the future of Islam in the world. Unfortunately, the development doesn’t mean a lot without being accompanied by the awakening of Muslims in Islamic countries themselves to catch up western countries and to build new construction in terms of Islam and west relations.


Islam awakening era will really come into reality if Muslims want to do self-introspection on the causes of underdevelopment, not only despising western countries and blaming the influence of western values as a threat to Muslims. The dialog between Islam and West, including other countries on earth, is a new way to minimize conflict and build new world order that is more peaceful, fair, democratic, dignified, and civilized. This positive condition can even be utilized by Islamic countries and Muslims around the world to build new world order that is more advanced, prosperous, fair, dignified, and sovereign, being on the same level with more advanced countries. Therefore, Muslims in every country or in the world become the new power, and in the long run it will be able to show main culture as a historical experience in the era of Islam’s supremacy in the past.

The existence of Muslims in Indonesia shows two conditions between advancement and problem or challenge. The latest development shows positive Muslim participation in the dynamism of national life, marked by the involvement of Muslim elites and cadres into various governmental structures. It also strengthens Islamic organizations and institutions in the national political roles. This stronger participation has started since reformation era by the spreading of religious politic that is marked by the emergence of religious figures on the stage of national politic and the role of Islamic political parties. The economic field is marked by the growth of sharia economic system that gives more just expectation, and up to now it shows positive tendency by getting more sympathy from people. The growth of sharia banks and other Islamic financial institutions such as insurance or pawn house will still color Indonesia’s economy in the future. The expectation of politic and sharia economy in the future makes Islamic politic and economy becomes new power that is cleaner, more just, and prosperous as a more superior alternative than the others, so it is not only normative recognition.

Muslims in Indonesia are also not free from heavy problems and challenges. The growth in quantity is not equal to quality. Muslims still face the problems of poverty, low level of education and health, lack of science and technology, and low quality of life. The role of Islamic political party is not maximal in increasing life quality of Muslims in some areas, so they are still demanded to increase their role more optimally. Muslims’ strengths are demanded to draw up an agenda and strategic plans in the field of dakwah, education, economy, politic, social-culture systematically so as to be able to transform Muslims’ life toward supremacy in all aspects of life.

Developing Muslims’ spirituality and character needs functional transformation to produce dynamic piety. The phenomenon of dry spirituality experienced by modern people has created responses in many forms, such as majlis taklim, Islamic teaching group, zikir group, and other religious groups. The phenomenon is positive, but it has to be responded critically in order that Muslims are not trapped in the tendency of escapism (spiritual runaway) that will produce passive piety upon heavy social problems without being able to give adequate solution to real problems being faced by Muslims. Spiritual development in Islam must be able to produce social piety and care, must be able to provide solutions on real problems of Muslim and society, and must be able to make Muslims an agent of change as stated that Islam is pity for the entire world (rahmatan lil-‘alamin).

Especially in the field of education, Muslims are more expecting innovative and qualified Islamic education along with the widening growth of mid level Muslims. If the needs cannot be fulfilled, young Muslim people going to more qualified non-Muslim educational institutions will keep happening. In the long run, it will harm Muslims themselves. Better and more innovative Islamic institutions being able to fulfill world development are needed. Such educational transformation must be hand in hand with efforts to build power and independence in the field of economy, politic, social, and culture in an integrated way that is a necessity for the supremacy of Islam in the future.


The future development of Islamic world, including Islamic development in western countries, actually gives a hope, but it needs breakthrough, cooperation, renewal, projection, and the most important thing is more excellent thinking and mentality. The syndrome of inferiority complex that so far hits Muslims in many parts of the world is marked with reactive attitude in responding to problems faced by Muslims and in facing the West. Muslims need to change their orientation form challenging attitude (jihad li’l-mu’aradhah) to the attitude of facing the challenge bravely (jihad li’l-muwajahah), so they can perform as a world citizen who has excellent mental or great tradition as the era of Islamic supremacy in the golden era.


 

B.    PROJECTION AND CONDITION OF MUHAMMADIYAH

Muhammadiyah organization that has passed one century is always related to and has relation with various problems being faced by Muslims nowadays nationally and globally, including the dynamism of Muslims. The position of Muhammadiyah in the dynamism and problem of national and global life, and Islamic world as previously described is framed and marked by five roles that generally depict the mission of organization. Those five roles are as follows:


First,
Muhammadiyah as a tajdid movement keeps supporting the growth of the purity of Islamic teachings in an essential problem (al-tsawabit) and thinking development in matters of ijtihadiyah (interpretation) that focus on the mission of amar makruf nahi munkar (doing good deeds and abandoning bad ones). Muhammadiyah is responsible for the development of Islamic syiar (greatness) in Indonesia in the forms of: 1) Islamic teachings are understood and implemented in the life society, country, state, 2) Muslims’ life is more qualified, intelligent, and prosperous.

Second,
Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement with its tajdid (reform) spirit keeps supporting healthy Islamic thoughts in various aspects of life. The development of Islamic thought with tajdid character becomes the realization of an effort to materialize the message of Islam as rahmatan lil-alamin (pity for the entire world) that is useful to solve the problems of Muslims, country, state, and humanity in the global culture.

Third,
as one of state components, Muhammadiyah is responsible for many efforts in reaching Indonesia’s aspirations as stated in the preamble of Constitution. The efforts are done through: 1) law enforcement and clean governance, 2) the expansion of job opportunity, healthy life, education, and free of poverty, 3) the strengthening of democratic ethic in economic and political life, 4) Free of bad practices and immorality in national life.

Fourth,
as a world citizen, Muhammadiyah is responsible for the realization of Muslim advancement in all aspects of life that is free from underdevelopment, isolation, and mistreatment in global culture. With such roles, Muhammadiyah participates in building more advanced Islamic world civilization and is able to influence on fair, human, and lighting world development.

Fifth,
as a world citizen, Muhammadiyah is always responsible for the creation of fair, prosperous, highly civilized world order suitable to the message of Islam as rahmatan lil-alamin. That global role is a necessity because, on the one side, Muhammadiyah is a part of the world. On the other side, the world development in a global level is still marked by many problems and crisis threatening life continuation of Muslims and their civilization due to the greed of advanced countries in exploiting many aspects of life.

In realizing those messages, Muhammadiyah needs to formulate its movement strategy that is materialized in Organizational Program. The program is realistic and anticipative to answer many problems of Muslims, country, and humanity by standing on the achievement of recent Muhammadiyah’s program. Considering the existence of Muhammadiyah as a movement directly under the dynamic center of Muslims and community, organizational program is formulated in an integrated way horizontally and vertically, and it must be sustainable in planning and doing in all levels, autonomous organizations, and amal usaha (charity and services) of Muhammadiyah.

The history shows that Muhammadiyah as an Islamic organization in one century life span has performed optimally in advancing the life of Muslims and the Republic of Indonesia and has given meaning for Muslims’ life in general. Muhammadiyah has struggled through the movement of dakwah and tajdid to stimulate religious life that is suitable to Al Quran and Sunnah (the sayings and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad). Muhammadiyah also does many renewal efforts for people through education, health service, social service, public empowerment, national political role, etc, which are the implementation to form real Islamic society and to show that Islam is pity for the entire world.

In the field of education up to 2010, Muhammadiyah has 4,623 kindergartens, 6,723 early childhood schools, 15 schools for the disabled, 1,137 elementary schools, 1,079 Islamic elementary schools, 347 religious schools, 1,178 junior high schools, 507 Islamic junior high schools, 158 Islamic senior high schools, 589 senior high schools, 396 vocational schools, 7 religious teacher schools, 101 Islamic boarding schools, and 3 vocational schools in pharmacy. In the level of higher education, up to 2010 Muhammadiyah has 40 universities, 93 institutes, 32 academy, and 7 polytechnic. In the field of health, up to 2010 Muhammadiyah has 71 general hospitals, 49 maternity clinics, 117 public health service/public health services for women and children, 47 polyclinics, and other health services. In the field of social welfare, up to 2010 Muhammadiyah has 421 orphanages, 9 senior citizen houses, 78 family fostering, 1 house for the blind, 38 death benefit, and 15 BPKM. In the field of economy, up to 2010 Muhammadiyah has 6 BPR (Bank of Public Credit), 256 Baitul Tamwil (Islamic Financial Institutions), 303 cooperatives.

The increasing number of charity and services does not shut another fact, namely the quality problem of Muhammadiyah’s charity and services. Muhammadiyah’s charity and services in terms of quality face two problems. First, their quality is late compared to their spectacular quantity, so they lose in competition in some extents. Second, the quality development of education is not equal. In some aspects, the weaknesses of Muhammadiyah’s charity and services get attention, especially in the fields of education and social and health services that are not able to show their competitiveness in national, let alone international level. Muhammadiyah’s charity and services do not undergo innovative process equally and significantly, so they tend to be static even though some have started to develop new ideas and methods to increase the quality and the existence of Muhammadiyah’s charity and services. In the future, more innovative quality improvement is needed, so Muhammadiyah’s charity and services are excellent in their respective field and are able to shoulder the dakwah and tajdid mission of Muhammadiyah.

Even though public sector such as economy and public empowerment has been done seriously since the period of 2005-2010, seemingly it still needs focused and systematized steps that directly hit the center of public problem, especially in the grassroots. Social-public program and activity done by Muhammadiyah suitable with the spirit of Surah Al-Maun needs to be more focused and can be directly beneficial for people,so this Islamic movement truly becomes the main strategic pillar in the grassroots. It can give guidance, lightning, freedom, and empowerment. With such public orientation, it is expected that Muhammadiyah becomes more real and stronger, and gives fullest benefit for civil society in the center of life of Indonesian society.

In terms of theology and Islamic thoughts, many say that Muhammadiyah belongs to the group that wants the application of authentic and pure Islamic teachings, namely by calling for going back to Al Qur’an and Sunnah (the sayings and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad). The negative implication is Muhammadiyah is often regarded as the one that has a tendency to neglect tradition, so it does not really know the tradition, be it classical Islam and local cultural tradition. Besides, many think that salafi (believers in a return to the practices of early Islamic times) of Muhammadiyah tends to be conservative (in religious thoughts) and fundamentalist (in political stance).  This tendency makes Muhammadiyah unresponsive to Islamic thought development that is actual and contextual, makes it trapped in “narrow” activities in the national dynamism of Indonesia. In the future, the dynamism has to developed, together with purifying and enriching tajdid aspects in Muhammadiyah, so this Islamic movement is able to perform advanced Islam similar to the spirit of al-ruju’ ila al-Quran wa al-Sunnah by developing ijtihad (interpretation by careful study of Qur’an).

Recent Development of Muhammadiyah can be depicted in some aspects such as strengths, weaknesses, chances, and challenges as follows:


a.    The Strengths of Muhammadiyah

As an organization that has reached one century, Muhammahdiyah has strengths on:

1) Islamic foundation based on Al-Quran and Al-Sunnah, along with ijtihad, is the strength of Muhammadiyah, so it becomes the biggest modern Islamic movement and especially gets Muslims’ trust and the trust from Indonesia and the world in general.


2) The reputation of Muhammadiyah as the biggest modern Islamic movement has been widely accepted nationally and internationally, so it effects on support for Muhammadiyah in doing its activities locally and nationally, including developing cooperation program with international institutions.


3) The organizational network of Muhammadiyah having existed nationwide and in some ASEAN countries as well as other countries make Muhammadiyah easy to do activities in the grassroots level that needs coordination in stages and involves wide public participation in many regions.


4) The fast development of charity and services quantitatively also becomes the important assets of resource, facility, and infrastructure for Muhammadiyah organization. Besides for surviving, charity and services also becomes the tool to improbve national and human life.


b.    The Weaknesses of Muhammadiyah

Besides strengths, Muhammadiyah has weaknesses that have to be corrected, improved, and renewed. They are as follows:

1) Muhammadiyah has a tendency to be an action movement and to neglect thinking movement, so it does not really give big contribution to the development of Islamic and national thinking for Indonesia and for world civilization.


2) The fast development of charity and services quantitatively is not repaid with equal quality, so until certain limit, it is less competitive and doesn’t really give wider and more innovative contribution for the advancement of Muslims and nation.


3) The fast growth of organization makes Muhammadiyah tend to be bureaucratic and low in facing developing problems in public, especially in responding to new social problems such as the issues of human right violation, structural poverty, bad effect of globalization, human trafficking, environmental destruction, corruption, white collar crime, and widening demoralization problems in national life.


4) Big Muhammadiyah organization does not optimally touch public problems in the grassroots, especially those who are marginalized such as labors, farmers, fishermen, the destitute, and the oppressed, so there is an impression that this Islamic movement only acts in upper and urban level.



c.     The Chances of Muhammadiyah

1) Public openness in Indonesia that is better and more democratic is beneficial objective condition for Muhammadiyah as a modern Islamic organization that has acted for a very long time in this country in all aspects of life.


2) Regional autonomy era that gives freedom for regional government to manage its own region becomes a chance for Muahmamdiyah to do more action in public decision making and regional development, so the existence and role of this organization become wider in the life of Indonesian society.


3) The recognition of international citizen for Muhammadiyah as one of civil society’s pillars in Indonesia opens a chance for vast cooperation in many countries and international institutions, so if this positive chance can be utilized well, it can increase the quality of charity and services as well as other Muhammadiyah’s activities.


4) ASEAN Charter gives an open opportunity for Muhammadiyah to widen its movement to cross the Indonesian borders and enter ASEAN countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, the Philippine, and Thailand.


5) The movement momentum of geo-political, geo-economical, and geo-social-cultural gravity center from Europe and North America to Asia, especially China, can be utilized to strengthen, modernize, and re-contextualize Muhammadiyah movement.

 

d.    Challenges/Threats of Muhammadiyah

1) The flow of secularism-materialism attacking the world becomes a big temptation and challenge for Muhammadiyah members to be able to strongly hold their commitment in Muhammadiyah life and to make Islam as a religion of rahmatan lil-‘alamin (pity for the entire world). 


2) The radical tendency in social-political and religious movement producing conflict and violence becomes a challenge for Muhammadiyah in offering Islamic movement that brings peace, lightning, and pity for the entire world.


3) The grip of global capitalism affects development and life orientation based on profit, exploitation, material worship, and worldly pleasure in the life of world community, so it also affects on the development of Muhammadiyah’s charity and services that tend to be profit-oriented and be far away from the theology/ideology of Al-Ma’un as an initial movement of PKO or Penolong Kesengsaraan Oemoem (Public Suffering Helper).


4)    ASEAN Charter and the movement of geo-political, geo-economical, and geo-social-cultural gravity center from Europe and North America to Asia, especially China, can be a threat and challenge for Muhammadiyah when they are not responded by Muhammadiyah in a concrete way. The threat I s Muhammadiyah can be an outdated organization.



C.    Systematic

With previously mentioned background condition, Muhammadiyah made Muhammadiyah Program on the 46th Congress or One Century Congress as follows:


 

Chapter I

:

Preface consisting of background contains national condition, global development, Muslims, and global development; condition and projection of Muhammadiyah; and transcript systematic of Muhammadiyah program.

Chapter II

:

Policy framework of Muhammadiyah’s long-term program (Muhammadiyah Vision 2025) that explains vision/objective and mission of the program, program foundation, the principles of program arrangement, the steps of Muhammadiyah’s long-term program that starts from the period of 2005-2010 to 2020-2025.

Chapter III

:

Muhammadiyah’s program in 2010-2015 (Muhammadiyah Vision 2015) elaborating Muhammadiyah’s program in detail in many fields that will be done in the next five-year period includes the fields of Tarjih (law), Tajdid (reform), Islamic thought, Tabligh (religious preaching), education, science and technology, research and development, cadre formation, health, and 

 

 

People welfare, bequest, economy empowerment and ZIS (charity, gift, and alms), public empowerment, environment, art, culture, and sport, literature and information, law and human rights, public policy, women empowerment and child protection, and foreign relation and cooperation.

Chapter IV

:

Program organization and implementation contain the mechanism of program elaboration that consists of the mechanism of program elaboration from regional to sub-district level and the division of program implementation authority on respective leadership level.

Chapter V

:

Closing elaborates the need of strong spirit to mobilize all strengths to focus on the implementation of Muhammadiyah’s program.

(Trans by hamzah - uhamka)

II. Policy Framework of Muhammadiyah’s Long-Term Program (The Vision of Muhammadiyah 2025)

The Program of Muhammadiyah is a work plan to reach certain objective suitable to the determined mission that will be reached by the organization. Muhammadiyah’s program is the realization of the organization’s efforts to reach Muhammadiyah’s objective. The program is a series of planned and sustainable steps in realizing the mission of Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement to carry out dakwah and tajdid mission and as a part of Islam and national component. Therefore, the program is arranged based on organizational basic reference, the reality of problem faced by Muslims, nation, and Islamic world, and ideal vision or condition that wants to be reached related to Muhammadiyah’s objective, namely the creation of real Islamic society.
 

 

A. Ideal Vision and Mission and the Efforts of Muhammadiyah

Muhammadiyah’s program is not merely plan and implementation of a series of practical activities, but it is actualization or realization of main mission of Muhammadiyah. The mission is to highly uphold Islam in order to realize real Islamic society. The main or ideal mission of Muhammadiyah is a sustainable movement that never stops since Muhammadiyah was established up to now and in the future. It is a collective struggle through organization. The main goal is real Islamic society that is actualized in a multi-variant movement through Muhammadiyah’s charity and services, organizational movement and dakwah, keluarga sakinah (a small, happy, and prosperous family), Qoryah Thoyyibah, and inclusive Islamic civil society (Masyarakat Civil Islam). Besides, it is done through forming religious group in the grassroots or sub-districts that reflect the quality of real Islamic society. Ideal vision, ideal mission, and Muhammadiyah endeavors that must be realized are as follows:

 

1.1. Ideal Vision of Muhammadiyah: The realization of real Islamic society.

 

1.2. Ideal Mission of Muhammadiyah

(1)   Upholding pure Tauhid (oneness of God) based on Al-Quran and As-Sunnah.

(2)   Spreading and advancing Islamic teachings that are Al-Quran and shahihah (authentic) As-Sunnah.

(3)   Realizing Islam in personal life, family, and society.

 

1.3. Efforts of Muhammadiyah

(1)   Fostering faith, deepening and widening understanding, increasing experience, and spreading Islamic teaching in all aspects of life.

(2)   Deepening and developing Islamic studies in all aspects of life to get pure Islamic teaching.

(3)   Increasing the spirit of worship, jihad (struggle in Islamic ways), charity, gift, bequest, alms, donation, and other pious deeds.

(4)   Increasing dignity, prestige, and human resource quality in order to have high skills and noble characters.

(5)   Advancing and renewing education and culture, developing science, technology and art, and increasing research.

(6)   Advancing economy and entrepreneurship toward more qualified life.

(7)   Increasing health quality and well-being of people.

(8)   Maintaining, developing, and empowering natural and environmental resources for prosperity

(9)   Developing communication, togetherness, and cooperation in various aspects inside and outside Indonesia.

(10) Maintaining the unity of nation and having an active role in national life.

(11) Encouraging and increasing the quality and quantity of members as a movement doer.

(12) Developing equipment and infrastructure and fund sources to succeed the movement.

(13) Promoting law enforcement, justice, truth, and increasing the defense for people.

(14) Other efforts suitable to the objectives of Muhammadiyah.

 
 

B.    Judicial Foundation

Muhammadiyah program with its series of policy and activity is always based on:

(1)   Al Quran and As Sunnah as a source of Islamic teaching and law.

(2)   Statutes, bylaws, and the organizational regulations.

(3)   National principles and laws.

 
 

C.    The Principle of Program Execution

Muhammadiyah program is formulated and executed based on the following principles:

1.    The principle of monotheism (Ketauhidan); it means Muhammadiyah program should be the realization of faith, monotheism, and worship to God;

2.    The principle of mercy (Kerahmatan); it means Muhammadiyah program should be the realization and execution of Islamic mercy;

3.    The principle of caliphate (Kekhalifahan); it means Muhammadiyah program should be the elaboration and execution of caliphate function of Muslims in life;

4.    The principle of message (Kerisalahan); it means Muhammadiyah program should be the elaboration and execution of message function of Muslims, namely doing good deeds and abandoning bad ones in a wide meaning;

5.    The principle of benefit (Kemaslahatan); it means Muhammadiyah program should pay attention to public benefit;

6.    The principle of advancement (Kemajuan); it means Muhammadiyah program is a series of activities that brings to the successful effort in reaching organizational objective.

7.    The principle of rationality (Rasionalitas)  and knowledge (Keilmuan); it means Muhammadiyah program is planned and executed rationally by paying attention to and utilizing science and technology rationally;

8.    The principle of local creativity (Kreatifitas Lokal) and proportional decentralization (Desentralisasi Proporsional); it means the planning and execution of Muhammadiyah program in every leadership level and autonomous organization and charity, apart from referring to Muhammadiyah program as a result of congress decision, should be arranged and executed by considering the problem and potential of local resources and balanced as well as proportional combination between central approach (top-down) and decentralization approach (bottom-up);

9.    The principle of flexibility (Fleksibilitas), effectiveness (Efektivitas), and efficiency (Efisiensi); meaning the execution of Muhammadiyah program should be flexible and effective by efficiently utilizing human resources.

10. The principle of law and justice (Hukum dan Keadilan); meaning the execution of Muhammadiyah program should consider/pay attention to the creation of justice in society and national life.  
 

D. The Objective of Long-Term Program (Muhammadiyah Vision 2025)

Muhammadiyah’s Long Term Program that has been drawn up since the 45th Congress in 2005 to 2025 is an achievement step of organizational objective, namely upholding Islam to realize a real Islamic society. Specifically,   the formulation of Long Term Program as Muhammadiyah vision 2015 is: “Make  Muhammadiyah an excellent Islamic movement and create an ideal  condition for the realization of real Islamic society,, marked by:

1.    Created Muhammadiyah development as an excellent Islamic movement compared  to other Islamic movements in carrying out the mission of dakwah (propagation) and tajdid (renewal) showed by the excellence of the movement agents, movement system, organization and leadership, network, enterpreneurship, and movement action as the important and strategic  factors for the realization of real Islamic society and showed by Muhammadiyah roles in the dynamic living of people, country, and the global world.

2.    Implemented Islamic teachings and aroused people’s awareness of the excellence of the Islamic way of life that assures the realization of better/excellent social system in all walks of life as the form of the existence of Islam as the blessings for the universe and brings people to reach safety/happiness in the world and the hereafter (khasanah fiddun-ya wa a- akhirah).

3.    Developed social, national, and state lives which are more excellent marked by the development of religious life, morality, intellectuality, and social capacity; encourage the functions of social power and govermental institutions assuring the realization of  advanced, just, prosperous, dignified, and sovereign state and national life under the blessing of Allah SWT (baldatun tayyibatun wa rabbun ghafur).

4.    Just, peaceful, and dignified global life system and proportional role and responsibilities of Moslem people (Islamic world) among other world community as the form of the existence of Islam as the blessings for the universe in the global world.

 
 

E.    Steps of Program Policy

Long Term Program Policy is a guideline and the course of organization carried out gradually through a five-year program which is conducted within 20 years. The stages of the long-term program are:

a.    First stage (2005-2010), Muhammadiyah program policy in the first five years focuses on : (1) organizational and network development and structuring to be able and effective as an Islamic movement which is advanced, professional, and modern;  (2) quality structuring and development of movement system to create the ideal condition to realize real Islamic society;  and (3) improved Muhammadiyah role in people’s live and in the global community.

b.  Second Stage (2010-2015), the second five year of Muhammadiyah program policy focuses on: (1) improvement and development of organization and network to be an advanced, professional, and modern Islamic movement; (2) improvement and development of excellent and independent movement system, human resources, and entrepreneurship to create the ideal condition to realize real Islamic society; and (3) improvement of Muhammadiyah’s strategic role in people’s life as well as in the global world.  

c.  Third stage (2015-2020), the third five year of Muhammadiyah program focuses on (1) transformation (rapid change towards development) of network and organizational system which are advanced, professional, and modern;   (2) developed movement system and enterpreneurship which are excellent and independent to create the ideal condition to realize real Islamic society; and (3) enhancement and development of Muhammadiyah’s strategic roles in people’s life and in the global world.   

d.  Fourth stage (2020-2025), the fourth (last) five-year Muhammadiyah program policy focuses on: (1) realized excellent Muhammadiyah movement system elements; (2) created ideal condition for the realization of real Islamic society; and (3) wider strategic roles of Muhammadiyah in people’s and nation’ life and in the global world.



F. Muhammadiyah Program Guidelines


1.  Sector of Tarjih, Tajdid, and Islamic Teaching Program


a.    Strategic Plan:

       Put tarjih, tajdid, and Islamic teachings alive in Muhammadiyah as a critical and dynamic  renewal movement in the social life and be proactive in answering the socio-cultural life problems and the challenges so that Islam will always become the source of thought, moral, social practice  in a complex social, nation and state life.


b.    Program Outline:

1)    Develop and put the understanding of Islamic teaching in practice in the complex and multicultural social life.

2)    Systemize the methodology of Islamic teaching and thought as the principles of tajdid movement in Muhammadiyah movement

3)    Optimize the institutional roles of tajdid, tarjih and Islamic teaching to be always proactive in answering the real problems in the developing society.

4)    Socialize the products of tajdid, tarjih and Muhammadiyah Islamic thought to all social levels.

5)    Set up and develop centers for research, study, and information in the sector of tajdid and Islamic thought integrated with other sectors.

 


2.   Tabligh Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan:

       Improvement of Muhammadiyah roles quantitatively and qualitatively as a social dakwah movement which directly creates an Islamic society as the realization of the active participation of Muhammadiyah  in national development to reach Muhammadiyah objective.

b.    Program Outline:

1.     Improvement of dakwah quantity and quality in all dimensions according to the principles of Muhammadiyah movement.

2.     Improvement of the quality and the competence of Muhammadiyah muballigh (preachers)

3.     Expand dakwah coverage to be able to reach all levels of society.

4.    Develop and implement multimedia dakwah both local media and media with new technological content.

5.     Evaluate and fix the concept and the implementation of Muhammadiyah dakwah projects, such as jamaah dakwah, cultural dakwah, and so on, in order that they can run effectively

6.     Develop methods and practices of Islamic life development in society.

 
 

3.    Educational, Technological and Research and Development Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan:

       Build Muhammadiyah power in the sector of Education and Human Resources Development, Science, and exploration of Islamic aspects of life,  so that it can be an alternative advancement and excellence in national or regional level.

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Build information system of Human Resources of Muhammadiyah in Science

2)    Design Roadmap of science and technology development of Muhammadiyah

3)    Mobilize Muhammadiyah power in science through excellence centers based on  Muhammadiyah educational institution

4)    Build blue print  of Muhammadiyah education to answer the backwardness of Muhammadiyah education, and as an anticipation for future education which is going to be more complex.

5)    Verify position and implementation of Islamic values, and caderization in all system of Muhammadiyah education.

6)    Accelerate the process of Muhammadiyah educational institution development as the excellent center by setting up quality standard.

7)    Make quality as a major objective of all businesses of Muhammadiyah education

8)    Integrate educational business development with social development program

9)    Design Muhammadiyah educational system based on Al-Qur’an and  Sunnah

10) Develop research and development programs in the sectors of education, science, and other strategic sectors as the basis for policy making and organizational development.

11) Develop network and cooperation as well as research and development centers in the organization.

 

4. Caderization Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan

       Build power and quality of the action doers and the roles and the ideology of Muhammadiyah movement by optimizing comprehensive caderization system oriented to the future. 

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Improve cadering quality in all aspects covering material, administration, methods, strategy, and caderization orientation to be more relevant and compatible with the cader needs.

2)    Improve cader competence covering academic and intellectual competence, diversity competence, and socio-humanity competence to be able to face the organizational challenges in the future.

3)    Guided and continuous cadering transformation to give a chance for the caders to actualize their potentials and competence in Muhammadiyah and to extend the access to other sectors and professions outside the Organization.

4)    Empowerment of AMM consisting of three aspects, namely autonomous organizations of Muhammadiyah youth, Muhammadiyah family members, and students and graduates of Muhammadiyah institutions.

5)    Reinforcement of Muhammadiyah cadering schools, such as Madrasah Mualllimin/ Muallimat Muhammadiyah, Pondok Hj. Nuriyah Shobron, PUTM (Pendidikan Ulama Tarjih Muhammadiyah), Pondok Pesantren Darul Arqom Muhammadiyah, etc, with intensive supervision.

6)    Development of movement ideology in caders, management, and members of the organization in realizing Muhammadiyah goals.

 

5.    Health, Welfare, and Social development Program

b.    Strategic Plan

       Develop and expand the base power of Muhammadiyah which lies in the center of “Penolong Kesengsaraan Oemoem“ so that it can be the big umbrella for Muhammadiyah services and social concern which is conducted widely and integratedly. 

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Support integrated services in health sector emphasizing on physical, mental, faith, legal, and social health

2)    Develop concept of braid and integration between Muhammadiyah health services with the society to develop Islamic mission and Muhammadiyah.

3)    Build social service network of Muhammadiyah contributing to realizing strong, strategic, and fast supporting capacity to the grass roots.

4)    Set up and develop centers for research and development, data, information and crisis center of people welfare as the base map and strategic action in giving social services to society.

5)    Create Islamic atmosphere and dakwah everytime the service is given to the society.

6)    List priorities of problems to be solved in giving social welfare services based on people’s need.

7)    Develop new alternative programs for all levels and types of social groups.

8)    Integrated organizational cooperation and businesses in social development program.

9)    Support, develop, and optimize Muhammadiyah power continuously as the element of NAPA eradication and abuse.

10) Improve and expand the coverage of social empowerment program for farmers, labors, and those who are marginalized in cities and villages.
 

 

6.    Program of Waqf, ZIS (Zakat/Alms, Infak/Charity, and Shadaqah/Donation), and Economic Empowerment Sector

a.    Strategic Plan: 

       Created quality socio-economic life as the effort to alleiviate people from poverty, backwardness, and stupidity in lower-level society through Muhammadiyah programs.
 

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Set up a blue print of economic development as an effort to evaluate and design effective social economic empowerment program.

2)    Develop economic empowerment model based on self power as the form of people’s economic autonomy.

3)    Declare that Muhammadiyah takes the sides of economic businesses that build the power of lower-level society (grass roots) through alternative economic activities.

4)    Improvement of  ZIS (Zakat, Infaq, Shadaqah) administration as well as its accountability so that it can be the buffer of people empowerment action.

5)    Support the implementation of syaria economy which is stronger, more organized, and systemized.

6)    Improvement of waqf administration quality and the extension of waqf land certificates authorization in the Organization

7)    Development of waqf forms in the form of cash and productive waqf.

 

7.    National and State Life Participation Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan

       Build and develop critical and strategic participation of Muhammadiyah members to actively participate in national and state dynamic based on noble characters and Muhammadiyah principles (Khittah Perjuangan).

b.    Program Outine:

1)    Develop Muhammadiyah Organizational Network optimally to influence national policy which is in accordance with people’s aspiration especially Moslems.

2)    Optimize the role of the institution, in this concern, Majelis Hikmah, to facilitate, support, and coordinate Muhammadiyah politicians to actively participate and takes sides to Moslem needs and people in general and Muhammadiyah specifically.

3)    Formulate and develop political ethics for Muhammadiyah members who will take the position in state institutions and or those who will occupy political position or public position.

4)    Develop network with many political parties, NGOs, other social institutions, and professional organizations to build political mission based on people’s need, especially Islam’s.

5)    Be proactive in discussing and giving inputs on national issues and legal drafting, both national and regional

6)    Develop political educational models for Muhammadiyah members and people in general so that people can be critical and constructive in delivering their political aspiration.

7)    Build and develop control power in making public policies, transparency, and public accountability

8)    Support, develop, and optimize continuously Muhammadiyah power as the element to eradicate corruption, collusion, and nepotism, as well as the builder of moral values and nation’s character.

 

8.  Organization Consolidation Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan:

       Rebuild organizational management in bringing Muhammadiyah as a leading Islamic movement in Islamic organization management and in playing its role in global development.

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Build Muhammadiyah management which is effective, efficient, professional, accountable, and strong in mobilizing all Muhammadiyah network and power to reach Muhammadiyah objectives.

2)    Develop organizational culture which is amana and measurable in all levels of organization and Muhammadiyah business.

3)    Develop instruments of performance evaluation as the form of amana organization management.

4)    Expand organizational network throughout Indonesia, including overseas.

5)    Improve Muhammadiyah concern and seriousness in preparing its caders for the benefits of organization, Islam, and nation.

6)    Empowerment of Muhammadiyah Subdistrict in building grass-root society based on Muhammadiyah Subdistrict empowerment in building grassroots based on Subdistrict and reviving Muhammadiah movement in the level of jamaah.

7)    Develop Muhammadiyah member empowerment model to get involved in the process of local autonomy management and civil society development.

8)    Improve quality and leadership functions in all levels to run the organization’s mission.

 

9.    Environmental Sector Program

a)    Strategic Plan

       Build and develop practical models of environmental action and environmental ethics based on Islamic values which is integrated with other sectors.

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Formulate and develop environmental ethics based on Islamic teachings.

2)    Build, support, and develop social knots to be concerned to do take a concrete solution toward environmental and poverty problems.

3)    Develop environmental dakwah model and environmental educational concept in Muhammadiyah educational institution.

4)    Be proactive and responsive with environmental issues in the society

5)    Do advocacy to help people who become the victim of environmental pollution.

6)    Develop practical guidelines in managing and preserving environment.

7)    Build network with NGOs, government, and other social organization in managing and preserving environment.

8)    Develop partnership with institutions that have had commitment, perception, and good reputation in environmental sector.

9)    Socialize issues dealing with environmental management and administration for the society.

 

10. Information and Library Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan

       Build competence and network coverage of information power and Muhammadiyah library as a modern Islamic organization in the middle of information era

b.    Program Outline

1)    Organize and complete library facilities and library functions as a source of science and information for the advancement of the organization.

2)    Improve the competence of information technology mastery and publication media as the instruments to develop organizational roles in running its mission.

3)    Develop cooperation in managing library and publication more organizedly.

 

11. Art and Sport Sector Program

a.    Strategic Plan

       Enhance Islamic art which is enlightening human civilization as civilized creatures with good behavior.

b.    Program Outline

1)    Develop potentials of Islamic art that enlivens human fitrah which is soft, beautiful, and noble as the base to form Islamic civilization as the blessing for the universe.

2)    Appreciate and select the art as a part of its effort to build human civilization according to Muhammadiyah objective.

3)    Build cooperation in producing art product leading to form human civilization according to the fitrah as a noble creature.

4)    Develop awareness action and promote sport in Muhammadiyah members.

 

12. Program Bidang Ukhuwah dan Kerjasama Kelembagaan

a.    Strategic Plan:

       Build Muhammadiyah power to play a role as a big umbrella for Moslems specifically and for people in general to carry the Islamic mission.

b.    Program Outline:

1)    Build network with many elements of society, people, and nation to reach Muhammadiyah objectives

2)    Build and develop knots of concern action toward problems in the society, state, national and international world.

3)    Build cooperation with national and international institutions to improve the quality of Muhammadiyah caders.

4)    Be proactive in building and developing human solidarity in facing national and international problems dealing with human rights and human injustice.

 


III.  Muhammadiyah Program  2010-2015 (Muhammadiyah Vision 2015)

A. General Overview of the Program

Muhammadiyah program 2005-2010 is an elaboration of the first five years of long-term program to the medium-term program of that period.  Muhammadiyah Program in  2005-2010 is adjusted to the program stages as stated in the long-term program.

Like the long-term program, the five-year program includes two aspects; development vision and development program. The development vision is the condition that is expected to be realized as the objective of every Muhammadiyah program. Muhammadiyah program is a plan which is going to be implemented and the implementation is realized in the forms of various kinds of  activities of Muhammadiyah program. The program is categorized into two aspects: general program and section program.  General program is a series of  activities which are intersectoral and interinstitutional whose coordination is directly managed by the Organization or certain institution or another institution mandated by the Board of Council  to be the coordinator in conducting the program. The section program is a work plan which is specific and it is conducted under the control of certain board/ institution.

In the frame of long-term program policy, it is stated the the policy of Muhammadiyah program in the second five years (2010-2015) is focused on the target which is improvement and development of (1) organization and movement to be an advanced, professional and modern Islamic movement.; (2) excellent and autonomous business for the created supporting condition and factors of real Islamic society.; and (3) the strategic roles of Muhammadiyah in the lives of people and global dynamics.

Based on that program policy, a program framework for period 2005-2010 was designed . Every section has changed and developed, so the type of the section program is not exactly the same as the sections of the long-term program. The framework of the program policy period 2010-2015 is as follows:
 

B.    Objectives

1.    Improve and develop the organization and network to become an Islamic movement which is advanced, professional, and modern.

 2.    Improve and develop the movement and business system which is excellent and independent to create the condition and factor supporting the real Islamic society.

3.    Improve and develop strategic roles of Muhammadiyah in the lives of people and global dynamics.

 
 

C.    Program Priorities

For the next five years (2010-2015) some programs have been prioritized as the development  program and as a part of the strategic development to reach the vision of Muhammadiyah 2015, which covers:

1.    improvement and development of the quantity and the quality of Branches as the basic empowerment and expansion of Muhammadiyah movement in the grass root in developing the power of Islamic civil society.

2.    Improvement and development of the movement system emphasized on the strengthening of ideology and thought quality that becomes the foundation for the improvement of religious values, intellectuality and the practical movement which is innovative as an important and strategic part of Muhammadiyah’s renewal development for people’s enlightment.

3.    Improvement and development of the human resources of the members and caders as the agents of movement who are capable of expanding the roles of Muhammadiyah in the dynamics of the lives of people and global world.

4.    Improvement and development of businesses and social practice of Muhammadiyah which is excellent by expanding the programs of economy and community empowerment as the foundation of independence power.

5.    Improvement and development of the strategic plan of Muhammadiyah in national and state life as well as global development  based on the quality of identity, independence, enlightment, and  freedom.


 

D. Development characteristics

In designing program of 2010-2015 period it has been stipulated the characteristics of development that have certain aspects that are essential, strategic, and influential that are realized measurably in Muhammadiyah movement. The characteristics of development should be reflected in every program, both general and sectoral programs. The elaboration is designed in the framework of program policy in the forms of activities whose success is measurable. The characteristics are:
 

1.    Movement System

       Things dealing with basic values and concepts in Muhammadiyah movement.

(a)   Strong Muhammadiyah movement which is advanced, professional and modern.

(b)   Improved Muhammadiyah movement system based on honesty and committment of all members.

(c)   Strong understanding on Muhammadiyah’s vision and ideology.

2.    Organization and Leadership

       Things dealing with institution and the power of the movers in Muhammadiyah.

(a)   Strong management system of Muhammadiyah organization which is dynamic and productive.

(b)   Strengthened transformative collective-colleaguial leadership that is able to be the role model, potential mobilization, projecting to the future and plan for the change.

(c)   Expansion of organization and leadership of Local, Branch, and Ranting as the movement basis in the lower level.

(d)   Designed plan and implemented organization restructuring based on potential, responsive and decentralized principles according to the principles of Muhammadiyah movement.

3.    Network

       Things dealing with internal and external relationship in Muhammadiyah.

(a)   Strengthened roles and ummah network, nationality, and universal humanity.

(b)   Strong and broad network of business, activities,  and Organization’s tools.

(c)   Strengthened international cooperation and relationship.

4.    Resources

       Things dealing with supporting aspects and agents of Muhammadiyah movement

 (a) Implemented development and empowerment of Muhammadiyah members as consistent and continuous movement agent.

 (b)   Implemented consistent and continuous caderization regeneration system in Muhammadiyah .

(c)   Increased number of symphatizer as the basis of Muhammadiyah member recruitment

(d)  Implemented management system of fund resources, and assets of  the Organization carried out tranparently, accountably and consistently.

 

5.    Action and Services

       Things dealing with activities that can be directly yielded by Muhammadiyah members and pubic.

(a)   Built public services synergy as the media to develop Islamic Civil Society.

(b)   Implemented public services through businesses, program, and qualified activities of Muhammadiyah.

(c)  Implemented advocation function in public services and policies of  Muhammadiyah.

 
E.   
General Program of Persyarikatan

1.    Ideologic Consolidation Program

a.    Development Vision

       Actualized principles, idealism, and basic concepts of the movement showing the excellence of Muhammadiyah as an advanced/modern Islamic movement and an active organization in the lives of people and global development.

b.    Development Program

1)    Intensify ideologic development in all aspects of organization including business, board, and Muhammadiyah’s independent organization  through various integrated businesses so that the principles, vision and mission of Muhammadiyah are actualized in the movement activity.

2)    Intensify and socialize Manhaj Gerakan Muhammadiyah (Preface, Identity,  Khittah, Faith Pledge and Aspirations of Life, Islamic Guidelines, etc.as a source of insipiration, reference, and guidance in all aspects of organization and members of Persyarikatan.

3)    Improve the position and the function of the Organization as a source of insipration and reference for thoughts internal and external of  Persyarikatan environment, so Muhammadiyah can be a strategic power and a big shelter for ummah and nation.

4)    Develop Ideopolitor (ideology, politics, and  organization), up-grading, refreshing, and Islamic studies or studies held in all lines of organizaton to improve commitment, horizon, and action of Muhammadiyah movement in facing complex challenges.

5)   Prioritize development of cader schools (Madrasah Mu’allimin, Mu’allimat, Pondok Pesantren), independent  organization, and Muhammadiyah educational institutions  as the center of Muhammadiyah caderization in cooperation with related Majelis/Institution/ in all Organization’s environment.

6)    Improve and develop models of jama’ah development and the roles of Muhammadiyah in the grass root.

7)    Improve organization and distribution of  Muhammadiyah caders in national and international strategic institutions to play the roles of enlightment, liberation, empowerment, and development of major life’s aspect.

8)    Design and produce strategic concepts/thoughts in facing issues, problems, and challenges of people, and global development as conceptual framework and reference for all institutions and members of Muhammadiyah in facing world development.

 

2.    Institutional Consolidation Program

a.    Development  Vision

       The development of the quality of the organizational institution showing  the excellence of Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement which is advanced, modern and active as well as strategic in the dynamic lives of people and global development.

b.    Development Program

1)    Improve the capacity of organization and leadership which are efffective so that the organization and the leadership do not depend on the figure but on the system.

2)    Build effective, efficient and accountable organizational performance emphasizing on the functional efforts of all lines of organization so Muhammadiyah becomes an advanced and modern organization that applies the principles of good governance .

3)    Strengthen Muhammadiyah organization as the basis of cultural action that reaches all segments of society with strong and consistent social committment.

4)    Intensify development of Branches which is more systemized accompanied by accurate mapping and developing branches as the first priority so in the period of 2010-2015 at least 40% of villages have Ranting Muhammadiyah and 70% of districts have Muhammadiyah branches.

5)    Develop piloting projects of Jama’ah Action and Jama’ah Dakwah combined with Peaceful Family and Qoryah Thayyibah programs held by ‘Aisyiyah.

6)    Redesign complete dakwah map to make easy the setting of target, approach selection, and method in developing right tabligh.

7)    Design complete and comprehensive data base of the Organization for various needs and organizational development.

8)    Improve coordination and communication between the board of council with independent organizations in many actions on a regular basis.

9)    Make the management of mosque and mushalla become effective and make them as the basis of the Organization movement in the grass root.

10) Improve, develop and apply the system of organizational management and financial management in all levels of management and business based on trust, honesty, openness and systemized system.

11) Improve, develop, and apply financial supervision and development including standard and regular report in all levels of organization management, business, and Muhammadiyah institutions with systemized regulation.

12) Finalize  integrated concepts/ guidance/guidelines of organizational management and financial system in all aspects of Muhammadiyah organization.

13) Improve coordination, communication and visits provinces/ cities/ branches; that incude and need to be the priority in the level of the Organization leader that really need guidance.

14) Form Special Branches of Muhammadiyah based on group and without having to be bound to the state scope ((it means in one country especially a big one a special Muhammadiyah branch can be formed), so that it can give an opportunity for Muhammadiyah to spread the view and the roles in other countries.

 

3.    Partnership Development Program

a.    Development Vision

       The development of the quality and the intensity of organizational relationship showing the strategic role and the proactive involvement of Muhammadiyah as an advanced and modern Islamic movement in the dynamics of the lives of people and global development.

b.    Development Program

1)    Improve active participation of Muhammadiyah in various regional and international forums, including Muhammadiyah Special Branch and develop network with some organizations that have the same vision overseas as the media to develop modern Islam.

2)    Improve communication, network, and cooperation with Islamic organizations, social organizations, and strategic powers of national and international in order to build the order of life which is peaceful, modern, just, prosperous, dignified, and civilized.

3)   Build proactive, harmonious, and mutual cooperation with many instances,  government or private, domestic or foreign, to support  the Organization’s actions.

4)    Build cooperation with many parties, domestic or foreign according to the principles of Muhammadiyah movement to improve the quality of Islamic lives to keep abreast in all sectors and to improve the roles of Muhammadiyah and Islam in general.

5)    Develop the roles and partnership of Muhammadiyah institutions with ASEAN in various strategic sectors such as development of Islamic thought, science and technology, education, economy, health in facing ASEAN Charter and the movement of geo-political center, geo-economy, and geo-sociocultural to Asia, specifically China.

 

4.    Empowerment Program of Members and Caders

a.    Development Vision

       Developed in quantity, quality and capacity of the members and caders of Muhammadiyah as resources of action agent in realizing the formation of real Islamic society.

b.    Development Program

1)    Develop models of member numbers extension proactively as an important part of the action strategies which is expansive to realize Muhammadiyah objectives.

2)    Improve models of integrated member quality development by developing peaceful family, education, health, and business of  Muhammadiyah.

3)    Carry out the program of sending Muhammadiyah caders to domesitc and foreign educational institutions organizedly by involving the support from related businesses with determined measurable target.

4)    Increase attention and effort related to the welfare of caders’ future as an  important part of  transformation of cader roles in the scope of organization, ummah cader, and national cader.

5)    Build the potential of Muhammadiyah caders spread out in many government institutions (executive, legislative, judicative, and other state institutions) and prefessional institutions and other strategic institutions to develop vision and mission of the Organization.

6)    Improve and develop the ties among activists /organization caders from all professions and fields by making effective froms of study, meeting, dialogs, ideopolitikor, etc.

 

5.    Family Empowerment Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed family quality based on peaceful family life in people’s live as the form of the success of Muhammadiyah dakwah.

b.    Developement Program

1)   Improve the efforts of developing peaceful family accompanied by the spread of practical guidance in Muhammadiyah families and in the community as guided by Tarjih and development of peaceful family designed by Aisyiyah as the form of role models (uswah hasanah) from the model of family life in the society.

2)   Improve models of guidance and councelling, advocation, and crisis-center in solving family problems in Muahmmadiyah and in the society using dakwah approach.

3)   Improve the action of healthy- TV as developed by Aisyiyah as a form of learning and prevention from the negative effects of television and other forms of technological effects that can destroy the future of generation.

4)   Improve the health quality improvement and family welfare including reproduction health especially in dhuafa segment through many activities as an integrated part of Peaceful Family Life program, Qoryah Thayyibah, and Jamaah and Dakwah Jamaah Action.

5)    Improve reading culture action in family as the base of learning society towards smart family life towards people life smartness.

 
 

6.    National Participation Program 

a.    Development Vision

       Developed strategic roles of Muhammadiyah as the modern Islamic power in influencing the state/government  policies and the process of dynamic national politics  as the form of inviting people to conduct good deeds and abandon the bad ones in national and state life according to the Khittah and the identity of Muhammadiyah.

b.     Development Program

1)    Improve communication, relationship, and cooperation proactively with many government institutions n developing Muhammadiyah mission

2)    Increase attention, concern, and attitude on actual and crusial problems concerning public needs, including Islamic people needs, as a form of active involvement of Muhammadiyah in  national and state life.

3)    Improve initiation and cross forum with other country’s components to strengthen the position of civil society to struggle for people’s aspirations toward government and other government institutions according to the principles of dakwah of conducting good deeds and abandon bad ones conducted by Muhammadiyah.

4)    Improve initiation and communication especially with Islamic organizations to strengthen the friendship and the leadership of Moslems, solving crusial and strategic problems, and to fight for Moslem aspirations as the majority people in national and state life.

5)    Strengthen the position and the roles of  Muhammadiyah as the biggest Islamic organization in national and global  dynamics through various strategic, selective, and productive involvement by sticking to autonomy principle and in line with Khittah and the identity of Muhammadiyah.

 
 

F. Program of Each Section of Persyarikatan

1.    Program of Tarjih, Tajdid, and Islamic Thought Sections

a.    Development Vision

       Developed function of  tarjih, tajdid, and Islamic thought supporting the role of Muhammadiyah as a critical, dynamic, and proactive renewal movement in answering actual problems and challenges, so that Islam becomes a source of thought, moral, and social practice of Moslem, people and complex global development.

a.     Development Program

1.     Revive and develop understanding and practice of Islamic teachings in the lives of people who are complex and multicultural accompanied by the formulation of Islamic History, Al-Quran interpretation, and other Islamic thoughts which are comprehensive.

2.     Start designing Al Quran interpretation that can become the reference and guidance for all Muhammadiyah members in understanding and implementing  Al Quran and As Sunah correctly in daily life.

3.     Optimize the roles of institutions and study centers in tajdid, tarjih, and other Islamic thoughts which are proactively answering the actual problems in the society and improve the strategic roles in religious sector in the midst of contemporary era.

4.     Expand and socialize Islamic concept and products of thought in the sector of tarjih, tajdid, and Islamic thought that can become the view, guidelines, guidance in people’s lives, such as Tarjih Decree Collection, Religious Edict, Peaceful Family, Fiqh Management, Fiqh Contradiction, and Results of Tarjih Conference..

5.     Develop the capacity of the institution and ulema caders in the field of tarjih, tajdid, and Islamic thoughts including development of hisab and falak caders as well as the group of  islamic experts to strengthen and develop  Muhammadiyah as a renewal movement and to face the complex development in the dynamics of people’s lives and global challenges, such as through  the program of producing ulemas in hadits and ushul fiqh, aside from general ulemas.

6.     Expand, socialize and encourage the actualization of Muhammadiyah Islamic thoughts on women leading to the justice and the equality between men and women reflecting the governance which is rahmatan lil-‘alamin.

7.     Develop the thought and the guidelines of hisab that becomes the reference for all people and keep fighting for the imposement of international Islamic calender.

8.     Intensify Islamic studies in responding important and strategic issues in many sectors.

9.     Improve the librarianship and the empowerment of the collections of tarjih decrees and major books/ source of references; classical and contemporary, printed and electronic in the fields of  tarjih, tajdid, and Islamic thoughts.

10.   Improve the effort of spreading modern Islamic thoughts in the scope of ASEAN in anticipating ASEAN Charter and the change of  geo-political, geo-economic, and geo-socio cultural centers to China or to global world so that Islamic thoughts are known, understood and influencial in the world’s thoughts.

 

2.    Programs in Tabligh

a.    Development Vision

       Developed Muhammadiyah’s tabligh movement in strengthening religion that is strong and enlightening in various social groups so that Islam can be felt, understood, and implemented in daily life and become the blessing of all universe in the midst of complex Indonesian people’s lives.

b.    Development Program

1)    Design guidelines/guidance and tabligh material which is practical and becomes the reference for all preachers and developed religious/Islamic life in the society, such as tabligh guidelines/guidance, curriculum/tabligh material, preach material, and daily religious life guidelines/guidance.

2)    Enliven and develop many studies in the organizational environment and Islamic ummah supported by material development, interesting approach and method and improve the belief, understanding, and implementation of Islam which is more substantial presenting Islam as a blessing for the universe.

3)    Optimize mosque and mushalla management as a facility to develop Islam and a center of people’s activities which is sensitive to the problems in the local areas.

4)    Improve the quantity and the quality of the preachers who can reach all segments, all ethnic groups  in many sectors including television by holding  courses, trainings, and activities that can improve the capacity of the preachers in the midst of today’s life that needs Islamic reference.

5)    Optimize the procurement and the distribution of preachers to isolated and disadvantaged areas with more systemized organizational and developmental efforts.

6)    Improve facilities and souce of fund to facilitate the development of preacher function.

7)    Improve the function of tabligh media like bulletin, leaflets, website, cellular tabligh, and other media presenting tabligh materials which are guiding, firming, exciting, enlightening  reflecting Muhammadiyah as dakwah and renewal movement so Islamic teachings can be more accepted and become everyday guide used by all people.

8)    Develop tabligh that gives broad Islamic view on the nobility and the equality of men and women relationship, peace and anti-violence, and the relationships among groups with the orientation of blessing of all universe.

9)    Training of  christology for muballigh in a package with other mubaligh training as well as understanding on dakwah map overally.

10)  Conduct continuous development in religious aspects for  guided hajj grup of Muhammadiyah/’Aisyiyah.

 

3.    Programs of Sector of Education, Science and Technology, and Research and Development

a.    Development Vision

       Developed quality and identity of Muhammadiyah education which is excellent, holistic with good management supported by development of science and technology and reseach and development as the form of actualization of dakwah and renewal actions in forming a complete human being as stated in the educational objective of  Muhammadiyah.

b.    Development Program

1)    Develop Muhammadiyah educational system which is holistic as the continuation of the blueprint  concept of Muhammadiyah education leading to the achievement of excellent education in the future.

2)    Design a Roadmap of Muhammadiyah education excellence from elementary level up to unversity level in various aspects, including human resources mapping, excellence centers, facilities, management, leadership, and other things supporting the quality development of Muhammadiyah education in the middle of tough competition.

3)    Improve the roles and function of Muhammadiyah education as a public service institution by opening and expanding access and opportunity for all people regardless ethnic, religion, and social class to get education which is meaningful for themselves, family and society.

4)    Improve the roles and function of Muhammadiyah educational institutions as learning centers which are enlightening, educating and empowering the students to be human beings who are devoted, knowledgeable, skillful with strong personality, independent, future-oriented and responsible for the lives of people.

5)    Optimize the roles and function of Muhammadiyah educational institutions as the center of Islamic dakwah through the efforts to enlarge and deepen Islamic understanding, practice the worship based on the guidance from Rasulullah SAW, develop intraction referring to good attitude and manage physical environment representing modern Islamic values.

6)    Develop models of Islamic education in all levels of education that give enlightment of  Islamic thoughts and committment of modern Muhammadiyah actions.

 7)    Improve and strengthen the roles and function of Muhammadiyah education as a center of  caderization by guiding Muhammadiyah Students Association/Muhammadiyah College Students Association (IPM), Hizbul Wathan Scout (HW), Tapak Suci Putera Muhammadiyah (TS), and College Students Association of Muhammadiyah/Ikatan Mahasiswa Muhammadiyah (IMM) as an intra curricular organization through intra and extra-curricular activities development and leadership skill, strengthen identity of students and college students as the caders of the organization, and people.

8)    Strengthen Muhammadiyah educational identity by building educational philosophy which is specific based on Alquran and Sunnah and by considering experiences from Islamic tradition, the teachings and thoughts of KHA Dahlan and other Muhammadiyah’s figures’ as well as people’s socio-cultural values which are not contradictory to Islamic teachings.

9)    Develop new types and levels of education as an alternative solution on people’s demands and needs through many ways of expanding and strengthening educational services as an agent of social change based on the spirit of tajdid and good deed.

10) Develop curriculum integrating faith, science and attitude as ways to build and develop holistic education and value education to realize complete human beings.

11) Improve Muhammadiyah educational quality to fulfill eight standards of national education and develop educational institutions with independent status of world-standard education with special excellence in the sectors of religion, good attitude, leadership and life skill.

12) Improve professional capability of the students through improvement of further education, formal educational trainings, academic forums and professional instituion development that enable them to transfer the skills among them such as Subject Teachers Forum/Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (MGMP), Headmaster Forum/Musyawarah Kerja Kepala Sekolah (MKKS) etc.

13) Improve the welfare of the teachers and educational employees according to the capacity of the Organization and the local schools based on the performance system and meritokrasi by considering  the level of the local people’s needs, loyalty, lenght of service, creativity and professionalism.

14) Develop good governance culture, healthy life, anti-corruption, energy-saving attitiude as a cultural action that becomes a realization and internalization of Islamic values and Muhammadiyah values in educational institution.

15) Develop and strengthen Muhammadiyah educational autonomy through development and optimalization of educational phylantrophy tradition, community participation, economic business units and cooperation with many parties that are not bound ideologically and politically.

16) Improve, expand, and strengthen cooperation and partnership in many sectors among Muhammadiyah institutions, Organization, Board, Government, society, and social institutions domestically and overseas to improve educational quality.

17) Building businesses by opening or developing sister schools among schools, Islamic schools or universities with foreign universities to improve the quality, develop actions and spread Muhammadiyah thoughts in international world.

18) Tighten ukhuwah and silaturrahim among educational institutions through competitions, olimpiade, sport tournament, art festival and other activities to arouse spirit of nationality and unity among Muhammadiyah members.

19) Design educational map, data and information center of Muhammadiyah education as materials to do scientific studies and the ground of decision making and Muhammadiyah educational development.

20) Facilitate and help research and creative actions in developing science and techology through cooperation and and research network development with domestic and overseas institutions.

21) Encourage innovation, creativity, in science and technology and art useful for the improvement of people’s welfare, civilization, and dignified humanity and peaceful world management.

 22) Encourage and conduct research as a mapping development of Muhammadiyah movement systematically, systemically and simulteneously to realize real Islamic society.

23) Give awards to the high achievers to arouse Muhammadiyah spirit and encourage the leadership and role model in Muhammadiyah members.      

24) Integrate Muhammadiyah institutional activities with community development program and organization’s activities in the local areas.

25) Intensify the guidance of Islamic attitude, Muhammadiyah ideology emphasizing on character building education in all levels of education of Muhammadiyah as a united integration with intellectual development, skills, and other important aspects showing quality excellence and identity of Muhammadiyah education.

26) Develop leadership quality and management including financial management, integrated and standard regulations, Information technological utillization, quality assurance, and other important aspects supporting the development of Muhammadiyah educational excellence in the university, primary and middle schools.

27) Improve quality, network, and cooperation among Muhammadiyah institutions in all educational levels to have a mutual empowerment and become the center of  joint excellence in a unity of Muhammadiyah educational institutions especially for disadvantaged areas.

28) Organize cooperation, network, and functions of research institutions and development in Muhammadiyah educational institutions..

29) Develop caderization centers integrated systematicaly with certain Muhammadiyah educational institutions for the need of tarjih/tajdid/Islamic thoughts, mubaligh caders, and other institutional caders.

30) Make centers for study and libraries in Muhammadiyah educational institutions especially in universities as the suppliers, buffer, supporter and source of development for the strategic needs of  the organization including designing concepts or strategic thoughts of Muhammadiyah.

31) Improve partnership with educational institutions in ASEAN to anticipate ASEAN Charter and the movement of centers of geo-politics, geo-economy, and geo-socio cultural to China, conducted systematically with the organization’s policy
 

 

4.    Caderization sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed quality of Muhammadiyah members and caders as the agents of movement that have the capacity, ideopolitical committment, and ability to develop and spread Muhammadiyah roles in the lives of people, society and global development.

b.    Development Program

1)    Intensify the implementation of Muhammadiyah caderization system and make the caderization an organizational culture in all levels of Muhammadiyah board, businesses, and institutions in the organizational chart of Muhammadiyah.

2)    Optimize the empowerment of caderization platforms in the organization, that is, in family, independent organization, educational institutions, and Muhammadiyah business.

3)    Intensify and design member development in the Organization and business and groups of jama’ah through Darul Arqam Baitul Arqam, special studies, and various models of caderization which are specific.

4)    Conduct Ideopolitor (Ideologi, Politik, dan Organisasi) for the board in the Organization and Business to firm the ideological committment, to widen the vision and horizon, and to develop organization as an instrument of Islamic movement.

5)    Design material of caderization and ideology consisting in the Opening of Muhammadiyah’s Statutes, Muhammadiyah Identity , Faith Pledge and Aspirations of Muhammadiyah Life,  Muhammadiyah’s Struggle Platform, Muhammadiyah Members’ Islamic Way of Life.

6)    Hold Instructor Training as well as forming Instructor Corps in each level acccording to Muhammadiyah Cadering system

7)    Design and carry out functional caderization to store and distribute the potential of the members spreading out in various professions and institutions outside Muhammadiyah.

8)    Improve cader transformation process by involving and giving proportional roles to Angkatan Muda Muhammadiyah (AMM) caders in many activities of the Organization.

9)    Cooperate with Majlis Tarjih and Tabligh in forming a study forum of tafaqquh fiddin (such as study of  tafsir Quran and Hadits) in all board levels.

10) Cooperate with related Majelis/Board/Business Institution holding DaruArqam/Baitul Arqam and study of  Muhammadiyah Islamic Guidelines, theoretically or practically

11) Conduct caderization coordination with independent organization in every level of Muhammadiyah board.

12) Identify, design  data base, and map cader resources had by Muhammadiyah in every line of organization.

13) Do cooperation certification with Majelis Diktilitbang and Majelis Dikdasmen for the teachers of  Al-Islam and Muhammadiyah thoughts in universities and elementary as well as middle schools.

14) Improve cadering studies to develop concept, models, approaches, and methods which are more qualified in carrying out Muhammadiyah caderization.
 

 

5.    Program of Health and Social Welfare Sectors

a.    Development Vision

       Developed function of health services and welfare which is excellent and based on Penolong Kesengsaraan Oemoem (PKO) so that it can improve the quality and the advancement of people’s lives especially the poor  as the form of Muhammadiyah dakwah actualization

b.    Development Program

1)    Improve management/administration system of business in the sectors of health and social welfare (AUMKESSOS) which are excellent and based on PKO (Public Welfare Helper/Penolong Kesengsaraan Omoeom) / Al-Ma’un with integrated management, standard service and quality supervision, IPO (Input-Proses-Output) management with prime quality so that it will be able to reach wider society.

2)    Optimize business network in the sectors of health and social welfare (AUMKESOS) through various models of consortium development, internal and external, information technology, cooperation development,  satelite clinic concept, Central Purchasing and other network forms bringing to excellence collectively.

3)    Improve business resources quality in the sectors of health and social welfare (AMKUESOS) through capacity improvement of AUMKESSOS human resources, education, promotion, facility, and other skills developing excellence.

4)    Optimize health services standard through AUMKES services standardization, hospitals development with service excellence in every area, optimalization of AUMKES services toward public health problems and overcome disasters, adding more AUMKES numbers as Muhammadiyah Hospital Satelite Clinic/Satelit Klinik Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah and  Aisyiyah in remote/isolated areas.

5)    Optimize solution for public health problems (Bird Flu, Pig Flu, Malaria, TBC, HIV/AIDS, and so on), clean and healthy life awareness campaign, reproduction health councelling and campaign, as well as anti drugs councelling and campaign.

6)    Improve foster citizen service standardization in AUMKES environment, the number of AUMSOS in remote areas, child and violence victims protection, concept development of foster family, development of child protection center, and education in child detention center area.

7)    Improve and optimize disaster handling system in the form of emergency-responsive networks, disaster rehabilitation in Muhammadiyah environment; capacity improvement of caders and volunteers, and disaster handling administor.

8)    Improve integrity and readiness of AUMKESOS and Hospitals in handling disasters, response time and mobilization capacity improvement, management quality improvement and responsive time logistic procurement, and after disaster rehabilitation and advocacy.

9)    Develop disaster awareness in Muhammadiyah environment, awareness campaign in facing disaster in community, disaster handling advocacy, and other efforts in rehabilitazion program after responsive time which systemized with programs and principles of Muhammadiyah movement.

10) Optimize Muhammadiyah orphanages as the places to make Muhammadiyah caders.

11) Develop types/models of health services/new social services that directly touch the lives of grass-root people synergized with hospitals and orphanages and AUMKESOS Muhammadiyah as a form of Al-Ma’un/PKO actions.

12) Improve partnership in health program with health institution in ASEAN to anticipate ASEAN Charter and the change of geo-political, geo-economic, and geo-social-cultural center to  China; which is going to be carried out systemizedly with organization’s policies.

 

6.    Benefaction Sector Program 

a.    Development Vision

       Developed capability and organization of waqf,  alms, infaq, and charity and improved administration system, concerns, and services for the poor that arouse social empowerment and welfare.

b.    Development Program

1)    List down and arbitrate properties of the organization obtained from waqf and intensify the implementation, the organizationa and the management of Muhammadiyah waqf land certification.

2)    Socialize money waqf and unmovable waqf integratedly with ZIS organization and utilization toward community empowerment.

3)    Use empty waqf land for productive things and other activities according to the function.

 

7.    Economic and  ZIS (Zakat, Infaq, Shadaqah) Sectors Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed capacity and revived Muhammadiyah economic ethos to improve economic and social welfare.

b.    Development Program

1)    Develop micro finacial institution, cooperative, and BTM/BMT as a places for cooperation and empowerment among business agents in the organizational environment toward the power and the autonomy of Muhammadiyah as an economic movement.

2)    Improve development of human resources quality of the business doers through training, accompaniment, and intensive and systematic business consultation.

3)    Develop retail business of consumption goods and excellent businesses that have added value supported by capital, human resources, and strong network all over organizational environment.

4)    Develop economic empowerment model in micro, small, and medium scales based on its own strenght as the form of ideals of ummah’s economic independence.

5)   Develop network and cooperation with government, private sector, and other institutions in economic empowerment programs especially micro, small, and medium economy that has a direct effect on developing the poor economy through alternative economic activities models.

6)    Develop number and quality of BMT (Baitul Mal wa Tanwil) Muhammadiyah as well as improving human resources, management, network  and cooperation to reach an excellent level as a facility to empower social welfare.

7)    Improve economic movement in Muhammadiyah members as forms of enterpreneurship mentality and culture as well as various trainings so that Muhammadiyah condition and infrastructure are built as economic power.

8)    Develop micro-financial institution network (syaria) in the organizational environment to strengthen the capability of BTM/BMT through a cooperation that enables to improve access to economic resources, especially funding, besides improving the capacity of BTM/BMT management and organization in Muhammadiyah organization system.

 9)    Improve poverty alleviation with ZIS instrument and businesses that have high added value especially the small, micro, and medium scales ones by utilizing many networks of Muhammadiyah including the ones based in the branches.

10) Improve the quality of human resources, organization and management, administration, synergy, and services in moving, managing, and using wqf and  ZIS (alms, infaq, and shadaqah) by mobilizing all potentials.

11) Optimize efforts in searching, finding, and collecting alms, infaq and charity more proactively, organizedly, with a good management principle through Lembaga ZIS Muhammadiyah.

12) Develop the utilization of alms, infaq and charity management function to more productive things dealing with generosity.

13) Improve development and network of ZIS institutions to be more effective, productive, and accountable in carrying out the activities.

14) Improve economic partnership with economic institutions in ASEAN to anticipate ASEAN Charter and the change of geo-political, geo-economic, and geo-socio-cultural centers to China, carried out systemizedly with the organization’s policies.
 

 

8.    Social Empowerment Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Improved capacity, competitiveness, bargaining position, and social empowerment intensity based on the mission of  Penolong Kesengsaraan Oemoem (PKO) and Helping action toward the social lives which is more fair, prosperous, and civilized.

b.    Development Program

1)    Apply movement concepts like implementing Fiqh Al-Ma’un and other social empowerment models which are integrated with Muhammadiyah movement system.

2)    Develop social empowerment models which are bottom-up and participative for labors, farmers, fishermen, and marginal people in the cities and villages.

3)    Develop human resources potentials to social empowerment accompanied by administrator’s quality improvement, optimalization  of multimedia and information technology, and fund resources mobilization from many legal and unbinding parties.

4)    Improve the capacity of organization and social empowerment program development by utilizing various facilities of the organization.

5)    Improve relationship network and cooperation in the organization’s environment and other institutions that has a concern on developing civil society in line with Muhammadiyah movement.

6)    Develop models of agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishery integrated from upstream to downstream toward the empowerment of farmers, fishermen, and cattle breeders which are strong and independent.

7)    Improve advocation and assistance to the poor, labors, and other poor people to have access, business, and power of independence.

8)    Improve attention, concern, and advocation to difable group to get basic rights and prosperity in thier lives.

9)    Try to get   public policies that are not sensitive and take the side of the poor.

10)  Develop crisis center in the central and branch offices as the media to overcome crisis faced by people especially the poor.

11) Improve the skill capacity, capital, production and other efforts to improve independence and social welfare.

 
 

9.    Environmental Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed awareness and environment-friendly attitude as the form of inviting people to conduct good deeds and abandon the bad ones in saving environment.

b.    Development Program

1)    Design guidelines/guidance principles or techniques that become the reference for the efforts to save environment as the realization of Islamic dakwah in environmental sector.

2)    Intensify socialization of environment- friendly attitude and awareness in many models of environmental saving action.

3)    Develop environmental education to build awareness and environment-friendly atitude in all levels and lines of organization so that Muhammadiyah becomes the pioneer in environmental action.

4)    Improve the capacity of human resources, institution, and network of Muhammadiyah in the actions of assistance, advocation, and environmental saving

5)    Intensify cooperation with many institutions, both government and private sector as well as social community in saving environment and developing simultenous development.

 
 

10. Art and Sport Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed art with Islamic spirit which is enlightening human’s brain as civilized creatures.

b.    Development Program

1)    Develop appreciation of art, literature, and tourism which are Islamic and give nuances of softness and Islamic spirit in the lives of the members, Moslems, and people in general.

2)    Produce films, books, and art performances sending messages of prophet’s history and Islamic civilization.

3)    Develop and appreciate local art combined with Muhammadiyah cultural dakwah.

4)    Develop Islamic art education through educational institutions, family, and jama’ah community.

5)    Conduct studies and critics toward art practices and publications that are contradictory to Islamic teaching values and norms and destroy human’s behavior and civilization.

6)    Improve procurement and management of facilities and infrastructure, education, production, and art development in the organization.

7)    Improve cooperation with many parties in developing Islamic arts.

8)    Utilize printed and electronic mass media in developing art program in Muhammadiyah.

9)    Develop awareness and socialization of sports to build physical and mental health among Muhammadiyah members through many programmed activities.

 

11.Library and Information Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Built literate and information culture as a modern Islamic organization in the middle of complex social development.

b.    Development Program

1)    Develop documentation of history, intellectual work, and library system including developing E-Library (digital library) and library distribution in all levels of Muhammadiyah boards.

2)    Improve library management and services that function to develop science and information of the members and society in general

3)    Conduct trainings of librarian and public relations in supporting organization’s services and functions.

4)    Develop excellent and complete information system of Muhammadiyah and the utilization of multimedia and information technology to support organization’s activities covering electronic media; radio and television; internet  media and mobile devices, printed media, integrated personal/cader database, virtual office, Muhuhammadiyah profile application system, document digitalization, Distro Linux Muhammadiyah,etc.

5)    Design database profile, activities, business, and multimedia data system in Muhammadiyah.

6)   Manage Muhammadiyah website, KTAM application development, Majelis application system, community radio, and network among media in Muhammadiyah environment.

7)   Improve publication services both printed and elecronic as an important part of syi’ar development of the organization.

8)   Apply controlling and assurance of publications in Muhammadiyah environment.

 

12. Law and Human Rights Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Improved awareness and advocation in the organization on legal human rights issues faced by the society as the form of inviting people to conduct good deeds and abandon bad ones.

b.    Development Program

1)    Expand network and ways to improve awareness in Muhammadiyah institution in doing advocation and empower legal and human rights issues faced by the society especially the poor people.

 2)    Arouse people’s awareness of legal and human rights awareness through many social institutions including education.

3)   Develop cooperation with the government and other institutions for the need of law and human rights enforcement including corruption eradication.
 

 

13. Hikmah and Public Policy Sector Program

a.    Development Vision

       Developed participation and role of Muhammadiyah members in national dynamics based on the principles of akhlaqul karimah and Struggle Platform toward the realization of advanced,  just, prosperous, dignified, and sovereign nation.

b.    Development Program

1)    Intensify special studies on strategic issues and national policies concerning public needs that become the reference for Muhammadiyah to respond to national and state problems.

2)    Participate actively and creatively to strengthen civil society and build democracy which is more substantive and nobly-civilized.

3)    Intensify anti-corruption action by developing network with governmental institutions, social organizations, non-governmental organizations, private sector, and other community.

4)    Build cooperation and network synergically among caders and sympathisers of Muhammadiyah in legislative, excecutive, judicative institutions and other institutions to enhance the strategic role  of Muhammadiyah.

5)    Expand civic education that has been developed in many Muhammadiyah universities to all educational institutions directed to democratic and civilized civil society.

6)    Hold political cadering education and design guidelines of Islamic politics and forum development as well as cader network.

 
 

14. Program of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Sector

a.    Development Vision

       Developed relation and culture of women respect based on Islamic teaching that is gender-fair and protected children from various threats toward civilized lives.

b.    Development Program

1)    Improve advocation effort toward children and women abuse and human trafficking that destroy family lives and country’s future.

2)    Improve effort and cooperation with many parties in preventing and advocating human trafficking that generally happens to children and women.

3)    Improve effort and cooperation with many parties in protecting female and children workers from various kinds of exploitation and human rights violation.

4)    Design and spread Islamic view taking side to gender equality accompanied by guidance from Majelis Tarjih product with the socialization which is broad and practical.

5)    Develop advocation models based on dakwah in facing many types of exploitation toward women and children in public which not conducive such as jail, factory, and other sensitive places.

6)    Develop informal and non-formal education besides formal one based on anti-violence education and peace education which is taking side to the child and female protection.

 

15. Program of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Sector

a.    Development Vision

       Developed cooperation and relationship between Muhammadiyah and foreign institutions both government or non government to realize dakwah bringing Islamic mission which is advanced in international world.

b.    Development Program

1)    Improve networking, peace dialog and  counter terorism, the forming of core networking, and human resources and capacity building to strengthen ummah network, nationality, and universal humanity conducted by Muhammadiyah.

2)    Improve socialization of thoughts and role of the organization and build solidarity of Islamic world in international world through various activities supporting Muhammadiyah dynamics in the middle of global development.

3)    Develop study forum on various strategic international issues including Ambassador Lecture in the form of  seminar/public lecture on world situation that becomes the reference of how Muhammadiyah should respond to international development.

4)    Improve studies and attention for advocation and proactive support in solving problems faced by Islamic world.

5)    Facilitate, build relationship to develop cader education and human resources of Muhammadiyah to foreign countries by involving  related institutions.

6)    Facilitate and open path for the improvement of cooperation, network, and cooperation between the Organization and international institutions for the development of many aspects that become the attention and the action of Muhammadiyah movement including in handling conflict disaster, and other important things that become international attention.


(trans by jijah - uhamka)

IV. Program Organization and Implementation

A. Organization and Implementation Principles

A twenty-year long term program of Muhammadiyah (2005-2025) and a five-year program (2010-2015) are developed based on the following organization and implementation principles:

1.    Muhammadiyah program of the 46th Muktamar is a national program (overall) that becomes the reference in formulating and implementing program in the levels of province, city, district, subdistrict, autonomous organization, and the Organization’s business according to their authority, needs, and condition.

2.    Muhammadiyah Program in 2010-2015 is generally under the responsibility of Muhammadiyah Board of Council, whereas the implementation and the elaboration of the program are in local level as the center of program implementation administration. It means that Muhammadiyah Local Board becomes a concentration area for program administration and implementation by considering the grass root, that is, district,  and more realistic in organizing and implementing  Muhammadiyah Program based on autonomy orientation and program operation from the bottom (bottom-up).

3.    Organizational policy and program implementation in provincial level cover three aspects/functions: first, conduct the policy of the board of council in implementing overall/national program; second, organize the program implementation, and; third, conduct special policies according to its own authority and local needs.

4.    Special for autonomous organization of Muhammadiyah,  Muhammadiyah program of the 46th Muktamar becomes the general reference based on autonomy principles and the specialty of each autonomous organization.

5.    For the Organization’s business, Muhammadiyah program of the 46th Muktamar  is the obligation to be used as the material resource and implemented according to the type and the activity of each business.

6.    In organizing and implementing the program, it still considers one-roof and intersectoral management under the responsibility of the Organization’s Management.

7.    In general, Muhammadiyah Program is elaborated by Muhammadiyah board of council in the Implementation Policy of Muhammadiyah Program so that it becomes the system of operational activity, both general and sectoral.

B.    Program Organization and Elaboration in Provincial Level

1.    Muhammadiyah program formulation is decided in Provincial Conference, in the form of “Muhammadiyah Provincial Program” of five-year period whose materials are general policies as the national program implementation executive in each province according to its local authority, creativity, needs, and condition.

2.    Provincial Board in charge of monitoring program organization and implementation in the province according to the organizational mechanism.

3.    Provincial level program is designed by referring to national program of Muhammadiyah and directed to the following points:

a.    Relevance between the program, the potentials and the problems (society and organization) in related areas.

b.    Set the target that is expected to be achieved within one and five years.

c.    The content of the program consists of two points:  (1) more strategic programmed activity that is going to be conducted by the Provincial Board, and (2) program reference that is going to be elaborated in Muhammadiyah Program in Provincial, District and Subdistrict levels, as well as Autonomous Program and Business in Provincial level.

 

C.    Program Organization and Elaboration in Provincial Level

1.    Muhammadiyah Program formulation in provincial level is decided in Provincial Conference , that is, in the form of  five-year period of “Muhammadiyah Provincial Program” .

2.    Muhammadiyah Provincial Board is a concentration place for national/overall  and provincial program implementation and organization administration in order that the success of the program in lower levels can be achieved.

3.    Provincial level program is designed referring to national program and provincial program with the folllowing mechanism, direction, and organization:

a.    Program relevance with potentials and problems (society and Organization) in related province.

b.    Set five-year and annual targets.

c.     The program covers two points: (1)programmed activities of Provincial Board, and (2)  program reference elaborated in Muhammadiyah Program of district and subdistrict, as well as Autonomous Program and Business in provincial level.

 

D. Program Organization and Elaboration in Provincial Level

1.    Muhammadiyah program formulation in Branch level is decided in District Conference, that is, in the form of  five-year “Muhammadiyah District Program”.

2.    Branch Program is designed referring to national, provincial program with the following mechanism, direction, and organization:

a.    Program relevance with potentials and problems  (society and Organization ) of related district.  

b.    Set five-year and annual targets.

c.    Program covers two points: (1) programmed activities of District Board, and (2) program reference elaborated in Muhammadiyah Program in subdistrict levels as well as Autonomous Program and Busines in Branch level.

 

E.    Program Organization and Elaboration in Subdistrict Level

1.    Muhammadiyah program formulation in subdistrict level is decided in Subdistrict Conference, that is, in the form of five-year “Muhammadiyah Subdistrict Program”

2.    Subdistrict program is designed referrring to national, provincial, and district levels with the following mechanism, direction and organization:

a.    Program relevance with potentials and problems (society and Organization ) in related subdistrict.

b.    Set  five-year and annual targets.

c.     Program covers two points: (1) programmed activities of Subdistrict Board, and (2) program reference elaborated in Muhammadiyah Program in subdistrict level, as well as Autonomous Program and Business in Subdistrict level, and  (3) organization and operationalization of activity implementation in member environment.


 

F. Program Organization and Elaboration by the Organization’s Ortom

 

1.    Program formulation of the autonomous organization, particularly in central level generally refers to Muhammadiyah national program and it develops the program according to each type and field.

2.    Every autonomous organization has an authority, mechanism, and specialty in formulating program and policy according to its own autonomy; but it must not contradictory to Muhammadiyah program.

3.   All autonmous organizations can develop cooperation network and integrated program according to the needs and effectivity and efficiency principles, dealing with human resources, funds, potentials, and opportunities based on the principles stipulated by the Board of Council.

4.    Develop autonomy by building integration and institutional network in implementing the program of each autonomous organization.

 
 G.    Program Implementation by Board and Institution

1.    Majelis and lembaga as the assisting party of the Organization has a function a doer of Muhammadiyah program according to the type and field they handle and they are not allowed to make policies exceeding the authority of the Board of Council and exceeding their functions as the Assisting Party of the Council.

2.    In conducting the program and activities, Majlis and lembaga policies are operational and elaborative, while the strategic policies are the authority or the board of council and they should be approved by the board of council based on the imposed organizational mechanism.

3.    The implementation and the elaboration of Muhammadiyah program by majlis and lembaga should be based on the national program for central level and based on the program in each level for the majlis and lembaga of the same level.

 4.    In elaborating and conducting the program, some operational principles should be applied: effective and efficient, focused on the type of the program suitable with related majlis/lembaga/board, avoiding overlapping, realistic, and oriented to each field, and can reach the set target.

5.    The elaboration and the implemetation of Muhammadiyah program by each majlis and lembaga are done through work meeting in each level and through legalization by the board in each level. Meanwhile, the functions of coordination, control, evaluation, and other organizational stages are done according the mposed organizational mechanism.

6.    Majelis and lembaga can hold National Work Meeting for important organizational coordination according to the needs by still emphasizing effficiency and effectivity.  National Work Meeting does not allocate the time for new program formulation bringing to the possibility of adding and expanding the program outside Muktamar decree or the organization’s decree in other every organizational board. 

7.    National Work Meeting held by Majelis/Lembaga and other institutional units in the Organization is not obliged to design and decide general and strategic decision exceeding Board of Council’s authority and exceeding each functions and the authority as the Board’s Assisting Party.

 
 

H.    Business Program Implementation

1.    Business program formulation of Muhammadiyah generally refers to (1) National Muhammadiyah Program, Provincial Muhammadiyah  Program and the Organizational Program in each environment, and (2) related Majlis Program according to the type/field of related business.

2.    Business program formulation is flexibly designed according to Statuta, Regulation or related Business Guidance by considering principles in designing program as stated in Muhammadiyah Program and still stick to Organization’s rules and norms.

3.    Business Program formulation should be designed dynamically by paying attention to the needs and the potentials of the type/field in particular business place.

4.    Business Program formulation and elaboration is stipulated in detail by related majlis and then implemented in the activity of related business.

5.    Program implementation in Muhammadiyah Business besides referring to the foundation and principles of Muhammadiyah Program, it refers to policies and activities  developed by leading to the quality according to the type/field and objective of the related business.

 

V. Closing

Muhammadiyah program as a series of activities is an operational realization of the Organization’s implementation in achieving the condition of real Islamic society. Muhammadiyah program is an integrated an inseperable part of dakwah mission and renewal conducted by Muhammadiyah as an Islamic movement. Therefore, through the program,  Muhammadiyah has to be able to bring constructive change which is enlightening, giving freedom, empowering, and improving the lives of its members as well as Moslem society, nation, and humanity as a whole.

 

Muhammadiyah Program as a part of organized efforts in conducting the missions to achieve the vision of the Organization is demanded to be  carried out as hard as possible to reach Muhammadiyah objective, which is, the established real Islamic society. Therefore, all potentials, abilities, funds, supporting factors, organizational infrastructure should be dedicated to implement and make Muhammadiiyah program successful. Concerning that, one of the indicators of the success of Muhammadiyah leadership in every level and line of the Organization is the success of conducting Muhammadiyah program.
 

The implementation of Muhammadiyah program needs high commitment, hard work, and strong cooperation in all environment of the Organization based on the ethos of renewal, jihad, ibadah in carrying out the mission of Muhammadiyah towards the real Islamic society. As for operational things, they will be taken care of by program implementation directory, especially things dealing with organizing things in the levels of Province, Branch, Subdistrict, so that the implementation will be easier to conduct.

 

Finally, the success of Muhammadiyah program implementation as a part of dakwah efforts in inviting people to conduct good deeds and abandon the bad ones depends on the seriousness in conducting the efforts and the prayers of all members, the management of the Organization  in realizing the welfare in the world and the hereafter, and in getting the blessings from Allah Subhanahu Wata’ala.

(Trans by jijah - uhamka)

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