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Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah

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KH Faqih Usman

KH Faqih Usman
Kyai Haji Faqih Usman was born in Gresik, East Java, March 2, 1904. He came from a simple religious students and obedient worship. Faqih Usman is the fourth child in the family yanga love for knowledge, knowledge both religious and general knowledge.
Childhood spent by learning to read the Koran and general science from his own father. The age of youth he studied in boarding school in Gresik year 1914-1918. Then, between the years 1918-1924 he studied knowledge in boarding school outside the area of Gresik. Thus, he has also mastered the books being taught in a traditional Islamic boarding schools, because of his command in Arabic. He also used to reading newspapers and magazines in Arabic, especially from Egypt, which contains about independence movement. Moreover, in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Islamic world in general is going revival movement.
   
Faqih Usman is known to have a strong ethos of entrepreneurship. Activities that do substantial business with established several companies engaged in the provision of construction equipment, shipbuilding, and weaving factory in Gresik. In fact, he was also appointed as Chairman of the Guild of Commerce A Regional Gang Gresik.
Involvement in Muhammadiyah started in 1925, when he was appointed Chairman of Muhammadiyah Gresik Group, which in the subsequent development into one branch of Muhammadiyah in East Java. Furthermore, because of his expertise as a scholar-intellectuals, he was appointed Chairman of the Legal Affairs Committee of East Java Muhammadiyah 1932-1936 period based in Surabaya. When Mas Mansur inaugurated as Chairman of the Executive Board of Muhammadiyah, it replaces the position of Mas Mansur as Consul Muhammadiyah in East Java in 1936. In 1953, for the first time he was elected and seated in the management structure of Muhammadiyah's central leadership and so on are always selected as one of the staff of the Central Executive Chairman of Muhammadiyah. By his death, he was confirmed as General Chairman of Muhammadiyah's central leadership at the 37th congress of Muhammadiyah in Yogyakarta in 1968 for the period 1968-1971. However, that office had carried only a few days because he was immediately summoned to the Almighty on October 3, 1968. Furthermore, the Muhammadiyah leadership followed by Abdul Rozak Fachruddin are still very young.
   
Faqih Usman more actively involved in various Islamic movement Muhammadiyah a very helpful development. He once led the Islamic Star magazine as the print media Muhammadiyah in East Java. Muhammadiyah expand its activities in her social network, so that he himself is actively involved in various community organizations, such as the Islamic Council A'la Indonesia (MIAI) in 1937.
In 1940-1942, he was a member of the city of Surabaya. In 1945 he became member of the Central Indonesian National Committee and Chairman of the National Committee of Surabaya. In 1959, he published a magazine Panji Society (Panjimas) together with Buya Hamka, Joesoef Poear Abdullah, and Ahmad Joesoef. The magazine has close ties with Muhammadiyah. He also took part in the Party since the founding of Masyumi on November 7, 1945 in Conference Muslims in Yogyakarta. He sat as one of the Executive Board of Masyumi, and in 1952 sit as Chairman II until 1960, which is when Masyumi dissolved.
   
Masyumi dissolution during the Sukarno regime plunged deep wounds for Muslims leaders at the time, so when the regime was toppled replaced by the New Order regime, the Faqih Usman together with Hasan Basri (former Chairman of the Indonesian Ulama Council) and Anwar Haryono (former Chairman Islamic Da'wah Council of Indonesia) to send the memorandum to the government of New Order politics. This policy memorandum was later known as the Memorandum of KH Faqih Usman, whose contents request to the Government of Indonesia's New Order of the party want to rehabilitate Masyumi forbidden.
Faqih Usman has been deeply involved in political activity in this country. He never trusted the Government of Indonesia to lead the Department of Religion at the Halim Perdanakusumah Cabinet since January 21, 1950 to 6 September 1950. In 1951 he was appointed Head of the Central Bureau of Religious Affairs. The political situation in the country that is not stable at that time led to the composition of the cabinet also fell awake. He is believed to return as Minister of Religious Affairs in the Cabinet Wilopo since 3 April l952 until August 1, 1953. The phenomenon of the election of Faqih Usman as Minister of Religious Affairs was the second time that the political conflict between Masyumi and Nahdhatul Ulama. K.H. Abdul Wahab Hasbullah which is a representation of NU camp demanded that the position of the Minister of Religious Affairs provided to the element of NU. However, after voting was held, was Faqih Usman (Masyumi representation) is selected. This affects the political map of Islam in this country, because ultimately it speed up the process of separation Nahdhatul Ulama (NU) of Masyumi.
   
Following from the position of the Minister of Religious Affairs, he still sits as an active member Konstituate, in addition to his position as a high official who helped at the Ministry of Religious Affairs since l954. As one of the characters Masyumi, he was also actively involved in conflict resolution in domestic politics. It was seen before the eruption of movement Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia (PRRI) in North Sumatra. Together with Mohammad Roem, he tried to become a mediator to reconcile the conflict between PRRI with the central government at that time. He attempted to meet with colleagues at Masyumi PRRI involved in these activities, such as Muhammad Natsir, Boerhanuddin Harahap, and Sjafruddin Prawiranegara to bridge the increasingly sharpened the issue becomes the civil war. These efforts did not bring satisfactory results, even could be considered a failure. In desperation, eventually Fakih Usman returned to the Muhammadiyah which became the basis kemasyarakatannya activity.
   
As one of the Vice Chairman of Muhammadiyah's central leadership in the management of CRC. Badawi's first (1962-1965), KH Fakih Usman formulate a concept of thought that became known as the Personality of Muhammadiyah. The formulation of these ideas put forward in the 35th Muhammadiyah Congress in 1962 in Jakarta, which was finally accepted as a guideline for the citizens of Muhammadiyah.

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